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The objective of the present study was to determine the immunomodulatory role of thymoquinone (TQ) regarding its effect on the production of nitric oxide (NO) by rat peritoneal macrophages. Under certain conditions, macrophagesand certain other cells can produce high concentrations of NO from its precursor L-arginine via inducible nitricoxide synthase(More)
Neurogenic ATP and nitric oxide (NO) may play important roles in the physiological control of gastrointestinal motility. However, the interplay between purinergic and nitrergic neurons in mediating the inhibitory neurotransmission remains uncertain. This study investigated whether neurogenic NO modulates the purinergic transmission to circular smooth(More)
Regulation of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) release by nitric oxide (NO) was investigated in the hamster jejunum. Electrical field stimulation and applied NO (3-100 microM) evoked biphasic hyperpolarizations consisting of an initial transient hyperpolarizing component followed by a second more slowly developing component (late component). The NO(More)
The object of the present study was to clarify the neurotransmitter(s) controlling membrane responses to electrical field stimulation (EFS) in the circular smooth muscle cells of first-order branches of chicken anterior mesenteric artery.EFS (five pulses at 20 Hz, 1 ms) evoked a hyperpolarization of amplitude--21.6+/-1.2 mV, total duration 21.8+/-1.2 s and(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is involved in the destruction of beta-cells during the development of type I diabetes mellitus (DM). We demonstrated the possibility of rescuing beta-cells by intervention with thymoquinone (TQ) using streptozotocin (STZ) rat diabetic model. The hyperglycemic and hypoinsulinemic responses to STZ were significantly abrogated in rats(More)
Comparing macrophage-derived cytokine and nitric oxide (NO) profiles in type I and type II diabetes mellitus (DM); and determining whether thymoquinone (TQ) has any modulatory effect were the main objectives of the present study. Peritoneal macrophages have been collected from Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) as a model for type II DM and its(More)
1. The object of the present study was to clarify the neurotransmitters controlling membrane responses to electrical field stimulation (EFS) in the longitudinal smooth muscle cells of the chicken anterior mesenteric artery. 2. EFS (5 pulses at 20 Hz) evoked a depolarization of amplitude 19.7+/-2.1 mV, total duration 29.6+/-3.1 s and latency 413.0+/-67.8 ms.(More)
Electrical field stimulation (EFS) induces frequency-dependent contractions of the longitudinal muscle of isolated quail rectum which were sensitive to tetrodotoxin. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether purinergic neurons are implicated in the response to nerve stimulation. The shape of the EFS-induced contractile response was different(More)
The present study was designed to investigate Substance P (SP) and a related tachykinin, Neurokinin A (NKA), contributions to the excitatory neurotransmission to the circular smooth muscle of the hamster ileum. In the presence of atropine (0.5 microM), guanethidine (3 microM) and NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) (200 microM), electrical field(More)
The neurotransmitter(s) that generate the inhibitory junctional potential (IJP) in the circular muscle of hamster distal colon and their mechanisms have not been elucidated. The aim of the present study, therefore, was to determine the contributing roles of the non-adrenergic, non-cholinergic (NANC) inhibitory transmitter(s) including nitric oxide (NO),(More)