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This review article compares and contrasts various types of ion mobility-mass spectrometers available today and describes their advantages for application to a wide range of analytes. Ion mobility spectrometry (IMS), when coupled with mass spectrometry, offers value-added data not possible from mass spectra alone. Separation of isomers, isobars, and(More)
The present study established an impurity profile of a synthetic route to the hallucinogenic N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT). The synthesis was carried out under reductive amination conditions between tryptamine and aqueous formaldehyde in the presence of acetic acid followed by reduction with sodium cyanoborohydride. Analytical characterization of this(More)
This work demonstrated the potential of using a secondary drift gas of differing polarizability from the primary drift gas for confirmation of a positive response for drugs or explosives by ion mobility spectrometry (IMS). The gas phase mobilities of response ions for selected drugs and explosives were measured in four drift gases. The drift gases chosen(More)
The hyphenated analytical method in which ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) is coupled to gas chromatography (GC) provides a versatile alternative for the sensitive and selective detection of compounds after chromatographic separation. Providing compound selectivity by measuring unique gas phase mobilities of characteristic analyte ions, the separation and(More)
A small subsurface ion mobility spectrometer (SS-IMS) was constructed and tested with several environmental contaminants to determine its potential for monitoring gaseous volatile organic compounds in the vadose zone. Trichloroethylene (TCE) and tetrachloroethylene (PCE) were detected and separated in IMS for the first time. Detection limits as low as 1(More)
Two new approaches to reduce false positive interferences commonly observed with explosives and drugs detection in the field were reported for ion mobility spectrometry (IMS). One of the approaches involved the rapid preseparation of potential interferences prior to detection by IMS. Firstly, it was found that the introduction of a short column packed with(More)
Although diffusion theory predicts that IMS resolving power increases with the square root of the voltage applied across the drift tube, in practice, there exists an optimum voltage above which resolving power decreases. This optimum voltage was determined to be both compound and initial ion pulse width dependent. A "conditional" resolving power equation is(More)
Chemical warfare agent (CWA) simulants as well as their degradation and hydrolysis products were detected from surfaces using thermal desorption ion mobility spectrometry (TD-IMS). CWA simulant materials that closely mimic the chemical structures of real CWA G/V-type nerve and S-type vesicant simulants were used in this study. Reduced mobility constants(More)
Detection limits and reduced mobilities for 12 ribonucleotides and 4 ribonucleosides were measured by ambient pressure electrospray ionization-ion mobility spectrometry (ESI-IMS). With the instrument used in this study it was possible to separate some of these compounds within mixtures. Detection limits reported for ribonucleotides and ribonucleosides(More)
A new approach to reduce the false-positive responses commonly encountered in the field when drugs and explosives are detected is reported for an electrospray ionization high-performance ion mobility spectrometry (ESI-HPIMS). In this article, we report on the combination of reduced mobility and the width-at-half-height of a peak to give a new parameter(More)