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Thirteen postmenopausal women with advanced breast cancer were enrolled in an open randomized Phase I trial of a new p.o. active aromatase inhibitor, CGS 20267 (letrozole). The primary aim of the trial was to assess the impact of two doses of letrozole (0.5 and 2. 5 mg/day) on the peripheral aromatization of androstenedione to estrone. An in vivo isotopic(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate post mortem magnetic resonance imaging of the fetus to provide data on the rate of growth of the cerebellum, bony posterior fossa, supratentorial bony compartment and cerebrum. MATERIAL AND METHODS Twenty fetuses subsequently shown to have normal brain and spines on autopsy were studied using MRI post mortem. MRI from 20 normal(More)
Brain metastases from metastatic breast cancer typically occur in 10-15% of patients and are associated with survival of 3-6 months. Recent series have shown that women with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer receiving the drug trastuzumab develop brain metastases more frequently than this, but also that continuation of trastuzumab after diagnosis of(More)
Cutaneous melanoma is one of the most rapidly increasing cancers in the United States. Because of the lack of effective treatment options and toxicities of most chemotherapeutic and radiation regimes, immunotherapies such as vaccination therapy represent an attractive approach for patients with advanced melanoma. The purpose of this study was to evaluate(More)
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE Primary central nervous system lymphoma is a disease with increasing incidence. Atypical presentations are becoming more frequent. CLINICAL PRESENTATION Three patients bearing cavernous sinus lesions presented initially with periorbital pain and diplopia. Tolosa-Hunt syndrome was the initial presumptive diagnosis for two patients,(More)
Peripheral aromatase activity was measured in 24 postmenopausal women suffering from advanced breast cancer. The % conversion of androstenedione to oestrone was then assessed for a significant correlation with age, weight, height, Quetelets index (weight/height2, Q.I.) and length of menopause. Serum oestradiol (E2) levels were measured in 22 of the subjects(More)
METHODS We carried out a retrospective study of prognosis in Scottish patients diagnosed with cancer within 5 years after a venous thromboembolism (VTE). RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS Prognosis was significantly poorer if a VTE occurred up to 2 years before cancer diagnosis, most notably if the cancer was diagnosed in the 6 months after a VTE.
This study examined the use of electroencephalograms (EEGs) in 2 groups of patients with loss of consciousness (LOC), and the importance of a simultaneous electrocardiogram (ECG). Each group consisted of 75 patients referred for EEG. Group 1 patients (LOC without an established cause) had no clear history of convulsive disorder, while group 2 patients (LOC(More)
Maximum carotid artery wall thickness was utilized in a primary prevention population and compared with baseline risk factors. Carotid wall thickness was measured between the blood-intima and media-adventitia interfaces by B-mode ultrasonography using software calipers at points of protrusion. Long-axis measures were confirmed by short-axis assessment. The(More)