Abraham Yaniv

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Wnt signalling has an important role in cell fate determination, tissue patterning and tumorigenesis. Secreted antagonists of Wnt include Frizzled (Fz)-related proteins (FRPs), Cerberus, Wnt inhibitory factor (WIF) and Dickkopf (Dkk). FRPs, Cerberus and WIF have all been shown to act by binding and sequestering Wnt. We report a novel mechanism of(More)
Frizzled related proteins (FRPs) comprise a family of secreted molecules that contain an N-terminal cysteine-rich domain (CRD) highly similar to the CRDs of the frizzled family of membrane-anchored Wnt receptors. FRPs have been shown to interact with Wnt proteins and antagonize Wnt signaling in a Xenopus developmental model. We demonstrated that FRP(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the integrated form of the genome of the equine infectious anemia virus was determined. By comparison with LTR sequences of other retroviruses, signals for the control of viral gene transcription and translation could be identified in the EIAV LTR. Open reading frames for gag and pol genes were identified and their sequences(More)
Lentiviruses are a subfamily of retroviruses which have been aetiologically linked to the induction of arthritis, encephalitis, progressive pneumonia and slow neurological diseases in certain species. Relatively little is known about their genome structure, mechanisms of pathogenesis or evolutionary relationships with other retroviral subfamilies. In an(More)
Caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAEV), an ungulate lentivirus, causes a natural infection in goats. The present report demonstrates that in vitro, CAEV infection is associated with apoptosis, characterized by morphological changes such as condensation of chromatin and the appearance of apoptotic bodies. The presence of DNA fragments was documented by(More)
Members of the Wnt family induce mouse mammary tumors and partially transform mammary epithelial cells in culture. However, their mechanism of transformation remains to be elucidated. In NIH3T3 mouse embryo fibroblasts, a standard transformation model, Wnt-1 and Wnt-2 were shown to induce altered properties including increased saturation density and growth(More)
Previously we have cloned the human Frizzled 1 (HFz1) and shown that it transmits the Wnt-3a-induced canonical pathway. We also cloned the human Frizzled 6 (HFz6) and show in the present study that, as opposed to HFz1, HFz6 did not activate the canonical Wnt pathway following exposure to various Wnts, whether belonging to the Wnt-1 or to the Wnt-5a group.(More)
The Wnt signaling pathway plays a major role in development, and upon deregulation it is implicated in neoplasia. The hallmark of the canonical Wnt signal is the protection of beta-catenin from ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation induced by glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3beta inhibition. The stabilized beta-catenin translocates to the nucleus where(More)
The human homologue of fz1 (Hfz1) was cloned from a cDNA library. Hfz1 was shown to couple to Wnt signal transduction pathways by its ability to enhance Wnt induced TCF dependent transcription in both autocrine and paracrine modes. Enhanced TCF dependent signaling was dose dependent with respect to both Wnt-3A and Hfz1. Moreover, Hfz1 deletion mutants with(More)
In the present study, the possible involvement of homeobox-containing genes in colorectal cancer (CRC) development was investigated. Using a stepwise screening approach and RT-PCR, we have demonstrated that the human HOXB6, B8, C8 and C9 are overexpressed at various stages of CRC. In contrast, all CRC cases exhibited a marked decrease in the(More)