Abraham Stekel

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To evaluate the effects of short-term iron therapy on developmental test scores of infants with varying stages of iron deficiency, 37 infants, all 15 months of age, were tested with the Bayley Scales of Infant Development before and 11 days after beginning a trial of orally administered iron therapy. They were separated into three groups according to iron(More)
The effects on pregnancy outcome and maternal iron status of powdered milk (PUR) and a milk-based fortified product (V-N) were compared in a group of underweight gravidas. These take-home products were distributed during regular prenatal visits. Women in the V-N group had greater weight gain (12.29 vs 11.31 kg, p less than 0.05) and mean birth weights (3178(More)
This study attempted to define the possible contribution of zinc nutrition to immunocompetence and growth in severely malnourished infants. The effect of zinc supplementation was evaluated in marasmic infants during nutritional rehabilitation by using a controlled double-blind design in which 19 infants fed a zinc-fortified formula were compared with 20(More)
Phagocytosis and bactericidal capacity of neutrophils were measured in 10 iron-deficient infants age 6-23 mo. All infants had hemoglobins less than 11 mg/dL with low saturation of transferrin and serum ferritin but were otherwise in good health. Neutrophil function and iron status were assessed at 0, 3-5, 15, 30, and 90 days of oral iron therapy.(More)
The Chilean School Lunch program, which serves one million children nationwide, was supplied with three 10-g cookies fortified with 6% bovine hemoglobin concentrate, designed to provide 1 mg bioavailable iron per day. A survey of 1000 children was performed after 3 y. Significant differences in hemoglobin concentrations were found in the children from the(More)
Extract: These studies were designed to define alterations in erythropoiesis that resulted from prolonged and controlled caloric deprivation. The caloric deprivation in the animal model chosen simulated that experienced by human infants receiving caloric intakes so restricted that infantile marasmus results.The model chosen was the young piglet receiving a(More)
The bioavailability of iron added to different types of cows' milk formulas was studied using mono-isotopic and double-isotopic methods in 396 infants aged 5-18 mo. All the milk formulas were fortified with ferrous sulfate in concentrations varying between 10 and 19 mg elemental iron/liter. Iron absorption from low-fat milks and full-fat milks varied from(More)
In a longitudinal study from age 3 to 15 mo, 276 term, healthy, spontaneously weaned infants received a full-fat acidified milk fortified with 15 mg of elemental Fe as ferrous sulfate and 100 mg of ascorbic acid/100 g of powder and 278 control infants received milk without additives. At ages 9 and 15 mo significant differences were encountered in all(More)
A large proportion of the milk consumed by infants in Chile is distributed by a National Food Supplementary Program. Efforts to prevent iron deficiency by milk fortification started several years ago. Initially a field study involving the simple addition of ferrous sulfate to a low-fat powdered milk was only partially successful due to the relatively low(More)