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BACKGROUND In a substantial proportion of patients with crescentic glomerulonephritis (CGN), both anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) antibodies and antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCAs) with specificity for myeloperoxidase (MPO-ANCA) are detected. In the present study, we questioned whether histological and clinical features of patients with(More)
BACKGROUND The results of several cohort studies suggest that patients with advanced Parkinson's disease would benefit from unilateral pallidotomy. We have assessed the efficacy of unilateral pallidotomy in a randomised, single-blind, multicentre trial. METHODS We enrolled 37 patients with advanced Parkinson's disease who had, despite optimum(More)
Pauci-immune necrotizing glomerulonephritis is the most frequent cause of rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis and, in most cases, is associated with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA). It is either the renal manifestation of Wegener's granulomatosis, microscopic polyangiitis of Churg-Strauss syndrome, or a renal-limited vasculitis. In this(More)
Damage denotes the aspects of chronic disease that do not reverse with therapy. This concept is particularly important for the primary systemic vasculitides, since the careful differentiation between activity and damage may help avoid unnecessary exposure to cytotoxic medications. Damage significantly influences both longterm prognosis and quality of life.(More)
Sirs, Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder, clinically characterized by a triad of rigidity, resting tremor, and bradykinesia. To date, mutations in four separate PD genes have been identified: the genes for alpha-synuclein and for ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase L1 both cause autosomal dominant forms of PD, whereas mutations in the(More)
In 13 hemiparkinson patients possible changes in dopamine receptors were investigated in vivo with PET, using [11C]methylspiperone as the receptor labeling ligand. Though in individual patients the specific binding of the tracer differed between both striata, no consistent difference was found. However, the specific binding in the striatum of patients with(More)
Neurological complications after cardiac operations with the aid of cardiopulmonary bypass and hypothermia are well known. A 6 months-old child is described with severe neurological complications after cardiac surgery for Fallots tetralogy. On the CT scan cortical calcification was seen to vanish. Such calcification has not been reported in similar(More)
One hundred and seventy patients with fluctuating Parkinson's disease participated in an international clinical trial to compare the effects of controlled-released Sinemet 50/200 (mg carbidopa/mg levodopa; Sinemet CR) with standard Sinemet 25/100 (Sinemet STD). The study design involved an 8-week open-label titration (dose-finding) phase (STD and CR(More)
Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitides (AAV) are severe chronic auto-immune diseases in which the small vessels are inflamed. Nowadays, in the majority of patients disease can be brought into remission with cyclophosphamide and corticosteroids. However, depending upon disease characteristics patients with AAV have a risk of(More)
Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN) is characterized by rapid and progressive loss of renal function and the presence of crescentic glomerulonephritis (CGN). Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment is mandatory to prevent death and/or renal failure. We have evaluated an ANCA-GBM dot-blot diagnostic test in terms of sensitivity, specificity, and(More)