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N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA)-based copolymers have been shown to be efficient carriers for anticancer drugs because of their versatile chemistry and good biocompatibility. As demonstrated with hepatocytes, targeting efficacy of anticancer drugs could be further improved when the drug (doxorubicin) was conjugated to HPMA copolymers with(More)
Calcium pectinate (CaP)--the insoluble salt of pectin--can potentially be used as a colon-specific drug delivery system. The use of CaP as a carrier was based on the assumption that, like pectin, it can be decomposed by specific pectinolytic enzymes in the colon but that it retains its integrity in the physiological environment of the small bowel. The(More)
A series of boronated cationic copolymers, composed of different ratios of acrylamide, N-acryloyl-3-aminophenylboronic acid and N-acryloyl-diaminoethane (the cationic moiety), were prepared with the intention of localizing boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) in experimentally induced polyps on the luminal side of the gut of the rat. The goals of this study(More)
The human gastrointestinal tract consists of a highly complex ecosystem of aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms that plays a significant role in the metabolism of nutrients as well as drugs. In the colon, bacteria ferment various types of substrates that are not susceptible to digestion in the small intestine. This arouses interest in specific drugs, drug(More)
PURPOSE To study the adhesion properties of charged liposomes to the healthy and inflamed (colitis-induced) rat intestinal epithelium. METHODS Neutral, positively charged, and negatively charged liposomes were prepared and tagged. The cationic or anionic liposomes contained increasing amounts (13, 22, or 36 mol%) of either the cationic lipid(More)
  • A Rubinstein
  • 1995
With the determination of the exact mode of action of sulfasalazine 20 years ago, attention and interest was drawn to the colonic delivery of drugs. A few years before that it became clear that some orally administered laxative drugs are active only after arrival at the large intestine. This resulted in research activity that led to the development of(More)
Although the function and mechanism of action of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) is still not completely known, studies have shown their potential role in the control of gene expression and regulation, in cellular proliferation and invasiveness at the transcriptional level via multiple mechanisms. Recently, colon cancer associated transcript 1 (CCAT1) lncRNA(More)
Detection of mRNA alterations is a promising approach for identifying biomarkers as means of differentiating benign from malignant lesions. By choosing the KRAS oncogene as a target gene, two types of molecular beacons (MBs) based on either phosphothioated DNA (PS-DNA-MB) or peptide nucleic acid (TO-PNA-MB, where TO = thiazole orange) were synthesized and(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the toxicity of biodegradable hydrogels in the rat with a future aim of utilizing this hydrogel as a vehicle for brachytherapy delivery in cancer patients. Two types of chitosan hydrogels: fast degrading and slow degrading; were prepared and surgically implanted in rats. The adjacent tissue response to the gels(More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether the local prevention of luminal superoxide-mediated biological damage in the rat jejunal mucosa could be achieved by liposomal superoxide dismutase (SOD) and the SOD mimic tempamine (TMN). Cationic liposomes loaded with either SOD or TMN were perfused in the rat jejunum prior to the induction of(More)