Abraham Rubinstein

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  • A Rubinstein
  • Critical reviews in therapeutic drug carrier…
  • 1995
With the determination of the exact mode of action of sulfasalazine 20 years ago, attention and interest was drawn to the colonic delivery of drugs. A few years before that it became clear that some orally administered laxative drugs are active only after arrival at the large intestine. This resulted in research activity that led to the development of(More)
The ability of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, as well as other tissues, to cope with reactive oxygen species (ROS) efflux in pathological events is determined partly by epithelial antioxidant levels. These levels are comprized of tissue antioxidant enzymes and low molecular weight antioxidants (LMWA). While glutathione levels and the activity of enzymatic(More)
The successful functioning of oral medication depends primarily on how the gastrointestinal (Gl) tract processes drugs and drug delivery systems. Parameters such as regional pH, motility (and hence residence time), and brush border and colonic microflora enzymatic activity play an important role in the performance of orally administered dosage forms. In(More)
A series of boronated cationic copolymers, composed of different ratios of acrylamide, N-acryloyl-3-aminophenylboronic acid and N-acryloyl-diaminoethane (the cationic moiety), were prepared with the intention of localizing boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) in experimentally induced polyps on the luminal side of the gut of the rat. The goals of this study(More)
Purpose. To study the adhesion properties of charged liposomes to the healthy and inflamed (colitis-induced) rat intestinal epithelium. Methods. Neutral, positively charged, and negatively charged liposomes were prepared and tagged. The cationic or anionic liposomes contained increasing amounts (13, 22, or 36 mol%) of either the cationic lipid(More)
N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA) copolymers containing pendant saccharide moieties (galactosamine, lactose, and triantennary galactose) were synthesized. The relationship between the content of saccharide moieties and three-dimensional arrangement of galactose residues and their biorecognition and internalization by human hepatocarcinoma HepG2 cells(More)
The role of the soluble non-starch polysaccharide pectin in the prevention of oxidative damage induced by peroxy, superoxide and hydroxyl radicals to the rat jejunal mucosa was studied. The oxidative stress was introduced to the rat jejunal mucosa by means of a closed-loop perfusion system and was characterized biochemically by monitoring the enterocyte(More)
Purpose. (a) To improve the absorption of sulpiride (SP) through the intestinal wall by incorporating it together with sodium decanoate (SD) into erodible matrices, designed to synchronize the release of SP and SD over different periods of time; (b) to test, in vivo the hypothesis that this simultaneous release increases SP absorption from the intestinal(More)
The human gastrointestinal tract consists of a highly complex ecosystem of aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms that plays a significant role in the metabolism of nutrients as well as drugs. In the colon, bacteria ferment various types of substrates that are not susceptible to digestion in the small intestine. This arouses interest in specific drugs, drug(More)
N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA)-based copolymers have been shown to be efficient carriers for anticancer drugs because of their versatile chemistry and good biocompatibility. As demonstrated with hepatocytes, targeting efficacy of anticancer drugs could be further improved when the drug (doxorubicin) was conjugated to HPMA copolymers with(More)