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Microgravity was used to study accelerometrically recorded microvibration (MV) and postural tremor (PT) at reduced muscle tone on one cosmonaut before, during, and after an 8-day space flight on the Russian Mir station. MV of the relaxed forearm in the 1 g environment showed the typical 7- to 13-Hz resonance oscillations triggered by the heart beat. In 0 g,(More)
Systemic arterial compliance, a major component of aortic input impedance, was determined in 10 patients with congestive heart failure secondary to idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy and 11 age-matched control subjects found free of detectable cardiovascular disease. Total arterial compliance was determined from high-fidelity ascending aortic pressure and(More)
In the past, the dynamics of the left ventricle were studied by its response to altered venous and arterial load for a given heart. This led researchers to propose the concept of an arterioventricular match or optimal point of function. The model of this paper reverses that idea by fixing preload and afterload while computing cardiac function due to altered(More)
An investigation of the mechanical effects and physiological functions of the dilated ascending aorta of diving mammals was undertaken with mathematic modeling methods. A mathematical model of a prototype (canine) arterial system was constructed and was evaluated by comparing model-predicted pressure and flow wave forms at four vascular locations with(More)
A recently developed model of the left ventricle, based on experimental data, has been shown to exhibit the main features of the heart's ability to pump. Two special cases during blood ejection, termed pressure deactivation and hyperactivation, were identified. This study proposes an 'ejection effect' correction to the model that addresses deactivation,(More)
Previous measurements of intramyocardial pressure (IMP) have yielded systolic pressures that range from values lower than to far exceeding systolic left ventricular pressure (LVP). This study identifies a possible mechanism underlying these divergent observations by building on established morphology of the ventricular wall. It is hypothesized here that the(More)
The concept of the characteristic pressure-flow relationship for the collapsible tube and vein is presented. Using only those state variables necessary and sufficient to define steady flow in collapsible tubes, the pressure drop over the length of the tube is described as a function of the flow and the quantity external pressure minus downstream pressure.(More)