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The authors describe the design and implementation of a large multiethnic cohort established to study diet and cancer in the United States. They detail the source of the subjects, sample size, questionnaire development, pilot work, and approaches to future analyses. The cohort consists of 215,251 adult men and women (age 45-75 years at baseline) living in(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer incidence rates have historically been 4-7 times higher in the United States than in China or Japan, although the reasons remain elusive. When Chinese, Japanese, or Filipino women migrate to the United States, breast cancer risk rises over several generations and approaches that among U.S. Whites. PURPOSE Our objective was to(More)
BACKGROUND We report on the associations between the intake of certain foods and beverages and the incidence of gastric cancer in a cohort of 11,907 randomly selected Japanese residents of Hawaii (6297 women and 5610 men). METHODS The daily intake of six beverages, cigarettes and alcohol and the weekly frequency of intake of 13 foods and food groups was(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori are gram-negative spiral bacteria that are associated with chronic gastritis, a known precursor of gastric carcinoma. Persons at high risk for gastric carcinoma have been shown to have a high prevalence of H. pylori infection. METHODS We studied the relation of H. pylori infection and gastric carcinoma in a cohort of(More)
The performance of the dietary questionnaire used in a multiethnic cohort study in Hawaii and Los Angeles was assessed in a calibration substudy that compared diet reported from the questionnaire with three 24-hour dietary recalls. For the calibration substudy, subjects from each of eight subgroups defined by sex and ethnic group (African-American,(More)
The association of diet and smoking with bladder cancer was investigated in a cohort study conducted in Hawaii. The study included 7995 Japanese-American men who were born between 1900 and 1919, and were examined from 1965 to 1968. After 22 years of follow-up, 96 incident cases of bladder cancer were diagnosed. Current cigarette smokers had a 2.9-fold risk(More)
Previous studies have suggested that increased physical activity may be protective against colon cancer. Most of these studies measured activity indirectly. The present study evaluated several direct measurements of physical activity and also resting heart rate as determined from an electrocardiogram. Increased activity was consistently associated with a(More)
Few data exist on the extent to which the differences in breast cancer risk between "racial-ethnic" groups in the United States (US) are "explained" by differences in their distribution of risk factors. We have determined this for African-American (AA), native Hawaiian (NH), Japanese-American (JA), Latina-US-born (L-US), Latina-non-US-born (L-NUS), and(More)
An N-acetylgalactosamine-specific lectin (GFL) was isolated from Grifola frondosa fruiting bodies by affinity chromatographies on acid-treated Sepharose CL-4B and then GalNAc-Toyopearl. The isolated lectin agglutinated all types of erythrocytes equally. Molecular masses estimated by gel filtration under various buffers and matrices varied from 30 to 52 kDa.(More)
It is suspected that selenium is protective against prostate cancer. To test this hypothesis, we conducted a nested case-control study in a cohort of 9345 Japanese-American men examined between 1971 and 1977. At the time of examination, a blood specimen was obtained, and the serum was frozen. After a surveillance period of more than 20 years, 249(More)