Abraham E van den Ende

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BACKGROUND Established risk factors, including deficiencies of protein C, protein S or antithrombin and the factor V Leiden and prothrombin mutation, are present in about one third of unselected patients with venous thromboembolism. In addition to these inherited thrombophilic defects, elevated plasma levels of factor VIIIc have been suggested to be(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the major outer membrane component of gram-negative bacteria, is a potent endotoxin that triggers cytokine-mediated systemic inflammatory responses in the host. Plasma lipoproteins are capable of LPS sequestration, thereby attenuating the host response to infection, but ensuing dyslipidemia severely compromises this host defense(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the major glycolipid component of gram-negative bacterial outer membranes, is a potent endotoxin responsible for pathophysiological symptoms characteristic of infection. The observation that the majority of LPS is found in association with plasma lipoproteins has prompted the suggestion that sequestering of LPS by lipid particles(More)
BACKGROUND Interleukin 10 (IL-10) exerts anti-inflammatory actions by counteracting many biological effects of interferon gamma (IFN-gamma). AIMS To investigate this in humans, we studied the effects of human recombinant IL-10 administration on IFN-gamma production by patient leucocytes. Furthermore, we assessed the IFN-gamma inducible molecule neopterin(More)
It has been proposed that iron accumulation may contribute to atherogenesis by increasing free radical formation and oxidative stress. Epidemiological studies in which the association of iron status with atherosclerosis was assessed raised conflicting results. To test whether genetic haemochromatosis is associated with increased atherosclerosis, we(More)
A sequence variation in the 3'-untranslated region of the prothrombin (PT) gene (20210 G-->A) was recently claimed to be associated with elevated plasma prothrombin levels and an increased risk for venous and arterial thrombosis. We examined the prevalence of the 20210 A allele in the prothrombin gene in 400 healthy controls and in 263 patients with proven(More)
BACKGROUND Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the major glycolipid component of Gram-negative bacterial outer membranes, is a potent endotoxin responsible for many of the directly or indirectly induced symptoms of infection. Lipoproteins (in particular, high-density lipoproteins) sequester LPS, thereby acting as a humoral detoxification mechanism. PATIENTS(More)
Interleukin-10 (IL-10) has been found to inhibit lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced tissue factor expression by monocytes in vitro. To determine the effects of IL-10 on LPS-induced activation of the hemostatic mechanisms in vivo, we performed a placebo-controlled, cross-over study of human endotoxemia. Two groups of eight volunteers were challenged with LPS(More)
Combined oral contraceptives (OC) are known to increase the risk of venous thromboembolism. The aim of this randomized, cycle-controlled, cross-over study in 28 healthy volunteers was to assess potential differences between the effects of an OC containing 150 microg levonorgestrel (as representative of the so-called second generation OC) and an OC(More)
The effect of oral contraceptives (OC) on fibrinolytic parameters was investigated in a cycle-controlled cross-over study in which 28 non-OC using women were randomly prescribed either a representative of the so-called second (30 microg ethinylestradiol, 150 microg levonorgestrel) or third generation OC (30 microg ethinylestradiol, 150 microg desogestrel)(More)