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BACKGROUND Statins have anti-inflammatory properties that are independent of their lipid-lowering abilities. We hypothesized that statin therapy before the onset of an acute bacterial infection may have a protective effect against severe sepsis. The aim of this study was to determine whether patients treated with statins develop severe sepsis less(More)
Lithium is a unique drug with therapeutic as well as prophylactic value for both manic and depressive phases of manic-depressive illness. The precise mechanisms of its clinical efficacy remain unknown, but there are two main theories of its biochemical action. One proposes that lithium inhibits adrenergically activated adenylate cyclase function whereas the(More)
Ethyl arachidonate was administered orally to 4 healthy male volunteers in a dose of 6 gm daily for a 2 to 3 wk period after 10-day control period. The increased intake of this precursor of the dienoic prostaglandins resulted in significant increases in the relative and absolute amount of arachidonate in plasma triglycerides, phospholipids, and cholesteryl(More)
We have previously reported that transduction of murine colon cancer cells (MC38) with herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-tk) gene results in a significant enhancement of tumor growth rate in vivo and overexpression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). Our current study aimed to investigate the involvement of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB), a pivotal(More)
The effects of supplementation of a complete diet with ethyl arachidonate and with ethyl dihomo-gamma-linolenate (20 : 3Omega6) on the fatty acid composition of plasma and tissue lipid classes were studied in normal rats. 2. These prostaglandin precursors were incorporated in varying degrees into all lipid classes of the tissues that were investigated. The(More)
Since essential fatty acids are required for normal brain development, we studied plasma lipids and EFA levels in 16 postpartum mothers (28 to 44 weeks) and in the umbilical vein and artery of 32 newborn infants. Groups of eight 24 to 33-, 34 to 37-, 38 to 42-, and 43 to 44-week-old infants were studied. Plasma fatty acid composition was studied in PL, CE,(More)
The effects of hypertonic solutions on gastric acidity and on experimental gastric and duodenal ulcers as well as on gastric prostaglandins (PGs) were studied in the rat. The oral administration of a 10% NaCl solution resulted in complete absence of free acidity and very significant reductions in total acidity 24 h after pyloric ligation. The antiulcer(More)
A whole-cell preparation of rat stomach put out appreciable amounts of immunoassayable PGE. Buffers made hypertonic with either sodium chloride or mannitol effected several-fold increases in PGE output, while a comparable osmotic concentration of urea seemed to produce much less stimulation. Enhancement of PGE output by saline--hypertonic buffers was(More)