Abolghasem Esmaeili

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gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the primary inhibitory transmitter in the mammalian brain. This inhibition is mediated by type A (GABA(A)) receptors that are pentameric proteins assembled from 14 different subunits. Although inhibitory synaptic transmission has been studied in the amygdala, the subunit composition of receptors present at different(More)
BACKGROUND Stem cells from Human Exfoliated Deciduous teeth (SHED) have the capability to differentiate into neural cells. Neurotrophins including Nerve Growth Factor (NGF), Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF), neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), and neurotrophin-4 (NT-4) have neurogenesis, neurotrophic, or neuroprotective effects and are expressed in developing(More)
The number of older people who are suffering from memory impairment is increasing among populations throughout the world. Alzheimer's disease (AD) affects about 5% of people over 65 years old. The hippocampus, a brain area critical for learning and memory, is especially vulnerable to damage in the early stages of AD. Emerging evidence suggests that loss of(More)
STUDY DESIGN Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in alterations in the regulation of many genes that may influence neuronal death and the subsequent loss of motor function and neuropathic pain. The subtype expression mRNA levels of glycine receptors (GlyRs) after SCI are unknown. METHODS Using real-time reverse transcription PCR, this study analyzed changes(More)
The expression of Arc and Homer 1a (H1a) depends on neural activity. This study was designed to determine hippocampal Arc and H1a mRNA expression levels after spatial learning with differing behavioral task demands. Forty-four male rats were distributed into 11 groups of four. One group received no training or trial sessions. Of the ten remaining groups,(More)
The amygdalar complex is a limbic structure that plays a key role in emotional processing and fear conditioning. Although inhibitory transmission in the amygdala is predominately GABA-ergic, neurons of the amygdala are also known to express glycine receptors. The subtype and function of these glycine receptors within the synaptic circuits of the amygdala(More)
The Schwann cells (SCs) may be obtain from nerve biopsies for autologous transplantation. However, it is difficult to obtain sufficient amount of SCs for clinical applications. Human adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) can be induced to differentiate into Schwann-like cells (S-like cells) and used for autologous transplantation. However, effect of leukemia(More)
— Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), a new promising evolutionary optimization technique, has a wide range of application in optimization problems including training of artificial neural networks. In this paper, an attempt is made to completely train a RBF neural network architecture including the centers, optimum spreads, and the number of hidden units.(More)
CCX-CKR (CCRL1) as one of the chemokine receptor-like proteins is a scavenger of CCL19, CCL21, CCL25, and CXCL13 chemokines. Human CCX-CKR is expressed in various tissues. Since HEK 293 cells are used for both transient and stable expression of CCX-CKR gene, it is important to determine endogenous expression of CCX-CKR gene. Therefore, in the current study(More)
VIGS (virus induced gene silencing) is considered as a powerful genomics tool for characterizing the function of genes in a few closely related plant species. The investigations have been carried out mainly in order to test if a pre-existing VIGS vector can serve as an efficient tool for gene silencing in a diverse array of plant species. Another route of(More)