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Many routing protocols in mobile ad-hoc networks have been developed by many researchers. One of ad-hoc routing protocol types is the on-demand routing that establishes a route to a destination node only when required. However, most of on-demand routing protocols reestablish a new route after a route break. In this paper, we propose a new route maintenance(More)
— Some WSN by a lot of immobile node and with the limited energy and without further charge of energy. Whereas extension of many sensor nodes and their operation. Hence it is normal.unactive nodes miss their communication in network, hence split the network. For avoidance split of network, we proposed a fault recovery corrupted node and Self Healing is(More)
In the past few years wireless sensor networks have received a greater interest in application such as disaster management, border protection, combat field reconnaissance, and security surveillance. Sensor nodes are expected to operate autonomously in unattended environments and potentially in large numbers. Failures are inevitable in wireless sensor(More)
In the past few years wireless sensor networks have received a greater interest in application such as disaster management, border protection, combat field reconnaissance and security surveillance. Sensor nodes are expected to operate autonomously in unattended environments and potentially in large numbers. Failures are inevitable in wireless sensor(More)
Some WSN by a lot of immobile node and with the limited energy and without further charge of energy. Whereas extension of many sensor nodes and their operation. Hence it is normal.unactive nodes miss their communication in network, hence split the network. For avoidance split of network, we proposed a fault recovery corrupted node and Self Healing is(More)
Irrigation water quality in arid areas is important, because Iran is located in arid and semi-arid areas in the world, due this issue, strategies and guidelines of operation of saline soil and water should be encountered with a special priority. Wrong managements, successive droughts and indiscriminate removing from ground water tables in recent years, have(More)
The goal of any page replacement algorithm is to reduce fault rate by selecting best victim page to remove. This paper presents a framework through which, we tried to compare our previous work i. e. H-LRU [1] with other existing algorithms and prove that it has a better performance in average than former methods. Our major attempt in this paper is to extend(More)
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