Abner Elizur

Learn More
Most vertebrate species have more than one form of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) in their brains, but it is not clear whether each form has a distinct function. We report that sea bream (Sparus aurata) brains have three forms of GnRH, one of which is described herein and is called sea bream GnRH (sbGnRH). The primary structures of two forms were(More)
Brains of the gilthead seabream, Sparus aurata, contain three different forms of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH): seabream (sb) GnRH, chicken (c) GnRH-II, and salmon (s) GnRH. In the present study, we developed three specific enzyme-linked-immunosorbent assays (ELISA) for sbGnRH, cGnRH-II, and sGnRH and used them to measure the levels of each GnRH(More)
Three forms of GnRH-salmon (sGnRH), seabream (sb-GnRH), and chicken (cGnRH-II)-have been described in the gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) brain, and the cDNA encoding the sbGnRH precursor was recently isolated. In the present study, the cDNAs encoding the sGnRH and cGnRH-II were isolated and characterized, and the neurons producing the three GnRHs were(More)
Gilthead seabream females undergo daily cycles of final oocyte maturation (FOM), ovulation, and spawning throughout their spawning season. FOM consists of lipid droplet and yolk granule coalescence, germinal vesicle (GV) migration, and GV breakdown. Plasma maturational gonadotropin (GtH-II) levels fluctuate throughout the day, reaching a peak at 8 h before(More)
The pituitary of a number of teleosts contains two gonadotropins (GtHs) which are produced in distinct populations of cells; the beta subunit of the GtH I being found in close proximity to the somatotrophs, while the II beta cells are more peripheral. In several species the GtH beta subunits are expressed at varying levels throughout the reproductive cycle,(More)
The objective of the current study was to unveil molecular mechanisms underlying transcriptional regulation of the FSHbeta gene expression in the pituitary of tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). The full-length sequence of tilapia FSHbeta (tFSHbeta) gene was determined. Its transcriptional unit (2.7 kb) exhibits the conserved genomic organization, i.e. three(More)
A study was carried out in tilapia in order to see whether the gonadotropin (GtH) beta subunits show distinct patterns of expression at different stages of their reproductive development. Male and female tilapia hybrids (Oreochromis niloticus x O. aureus) were collected at various times of the year, and a number of parameters were measured in order to(More)
Two types of cDNA, each encoding a different beta-subunit of striped bass (Morone saxatilis, Teleostei) gonadotrophins (GTH-I beta and GTH-II beta), as well as the glycoprotein alpha-subunit, were cloned by screening a striped bass pituitary cDNA library. The probes used for screening the library were cloned cDNA fragments, generated by PCR amplification of(More)
The expression sites of three prepro-gonadotrophin-releasing hormones (GnRHs), corresponding to seabream GnRH (sbGnRH: Ser(8)-mGnRH, mammalian GnRH), salmon GnRH (sGnRH: Trp(7)Leu(8)-mGnRH), and chicken GnRH-II (cGnRH-II: His(5)Trp(7)Tyr(8)-mGnRH) forms were studied in the brain of a perciform fish, the European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) by means of(More)
In cultured pituitary cells of tilapia, gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH; 10 nM 4-24 h), elevation of cyclic AMP (by 10 microM forskolin or 0.2 mM 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine: IBMX 0.5-36 h) or activation of protein kinase C (PKC; by 12.5 nM tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate: TPA, 0.5-24 h) all increased gonadotropin (GtH) II beta steady state mRNA(More)