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Urocortin, is a recently isolated peptide belonging to the CRH family that binds with high affinity to the CRH2 receptor. Like CRH, urocortin causes hypotension in the rat, but its vasoactive actions have not yet been studied in the human. We have compared the vasoactive properties of urocortin, CRH, and urotensin-1 in the human fetal placental vasculature(More)
The vasoactive effects of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) in the human fetal-placental circulation in vitro have been investigated. Single lobules of term placentae were bilaterally perfused with constant flows of Krebs' solution (maternal and fetal, 5 ml/min, 95% O2, 5% CO2, 37 degrees C, pH 7.3) and changes in fetal-placental arterial perfusion(More)
Hind paw oedema in rats, measured by plethysmography or extravasation of Evans Blue dye into the skin, after subplantar injection of submaximal doses of carrageenin (1-100 micrograms) was significantly increased for 4 h during kininase II inhibition with captopril (1 mg kg-1, s.c.). Submaximal oedema, as assessed by paw swelling, after subplantar bradykinin(More)
In this work a thorough consideration of the membrane lipid composition of Listeria monocytogenes together with DSC analysis is described in order to estimate the biological importance of lipid changes during low-temperature adaptation. Furthermore, these studies provide comparative data for fatty acid changes for neutral, NL and polar lipids, PL(More)
A study of the distribution of [(14)C]-labelled bretylium (N-o-bromobenzyl-N-ethyl-N,N-dimethylammonium) in cat tissues at various times after subcutaneous injection suggests that the specificity of its blocking action on adrenergic neurones may be related to its selective accumulation in these neurones. The rate of rise and fall of concentration in(More)
By injecting monosodium L-glutamate into either one of the forebrain hemispheres of the developing chicken brain and examining the behavioural effects which ensue, it has been possible to demonstrate that there is functional lateralization for control of a number of behaviours. Glutamate treatment of the left hemisphere retards visual discrimination(More)
1. The human placental lobule, perfused with a constant flow (5 mL/min) of Krebs' solution after delivery at term, released into the fetal perfusate a digoxin-like substance, as measured by a fluorescence polarization immunoassay. 2. Initially the venous concentration was 360 +/- 66.7 pmol/L digoxin equivalents. This level did not change significantly(More)
Bretylium depresses the slope of regression lines relating frequency of sympathetic nerve stimulation to magnitude of contractions of the cat nictitating membrane. In contrast, guanethidine and reserpine preferentially abolish responses to low rates of nerve stimulation and cause a roughly parallel shift of the regression lines. The hypersensitivity of the(More)
Bretylium caused a specific and lasting depression of many excitatory and inhibitory responses evoked by electrical stimulation of the peripheral sympathetic nervous system, probably by impairing conduction of impulses in adrenergic neurones with consequent failure of noradrenaline and adrenaline release. This effect, which will be referred to as the(More)