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Brain tumors pose a particular challenge to molecular oncology. Many different tumor entities develop in the nervous system and some of them appear to follow distinct pathogenic routes. Molecular genetic alterations have increasingly been reported in nervous system neoplasms. However, a considerable number of affected genes remain to be identified. We(More)
The histogenesis of oligoastrocytomas remains controversial, with some data arguing similarity of oligoastrocytomas to astrocytic tumors, and other data suggesting closer relationships with oligodendroglial neoplasms. Since the molecular genetic changes in astrocytomas differ from those of oligodendrogliomas, we characterized 120 astrocytic and(More)
Intrinsic insular tumors are frequently excluded from surgical treatment. The authors propose a more extensive approach to these lesions based on the results of this prospective series. From September 1993 to January 1995, 30 patients (18 males and 12 females; mean age 42 years) harboring benign (15 patients) or malignant (15 patients) tumors involving the(More)
In this article the authors report the case of a mixed cerebrovascular malformation in which a true arteriovenous malformation (AVM), harboring a nidus, is associated with a venous malformation that serves as the draining vein for the nidus. Despite the authors' preoperative rationale for exclusive extirpation of the AVM, an inadvertent injury and the(More)
A significant number of patients with meningiomas develop multiple tumors without anatomical bridges. To understand the mechanism by which multiple meningiomas arise, the authors analyzed DNA from 39 multiple meningiomas in 12 patients to locate alterations in the neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) gene. This gene has been shown to be inactivated in(More)
Young children with visual impairments greatly benefit from tactile graphics (illustrations, images, puzzles, objects) during their learning processes. In this paper we present insight about using a 3D printed tactile picture book as a design probe. This has allowed us to identify and engage stakeholders in our research on improving the technical and human(More)
The design of 3D printable accessible tactile pictures (3DP-ATPs) for young children with visual impairments has the potential to greatly increase the supply of tactile materials that can be used to support emergent literacy skill development. Many caregivers and stakeholders invested in supporting young children with visual impairments have shown interest(More)
1. The present study attempted to determine whether noradrenaline (NA) release in rabbit hippocampus and human neocortex is modulated by presynaptic 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptors. 2. Slices of rabbit hippocampus and human neocortex, loaded with [3H]-noradrenaline ([3H]-NA) were superfused and the effects of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptor ligands(More)
Meningiomas are common intracranial and intraspinal tumors. They are treated primarily by surgical resection. Meningioma recurrence following surgery is frequent despite advances in microneurosurgery. However, it is not clear whether recurrent meningiomas, close or distant to the primary resection site, arise from incomplete resection, dissemination of(More)
Developing emergent literacy skills and attitudes within children with visual impairments is critical to cultivating their lifelong ability to construct concepts about the function of symbols and develop tactile acuity. We offer novel HCI research on the factors that impact parents' abilities to create tactile pictures to meet their child's unique needs.(More)