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Although resting hemodynamic load has been extensively investigated as a determinant of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, little is known about the relationship between provoked hemodynamic load and the risk of LV hypertrophy. We studied central pressure-flow relations among 40 hypertensive and 19 normotensive adults using carotid applanation tonometry and(More)
AIMS Competitive flow from native coronary vessels is considered a major factor in the failure of coronary bypass grafts. However, the pathophysiological effects are not fully understood. Low and oscillatory wall shear stress (WSS) is known to induce endothelial dysfunction and vascular disease, like atherosclerosis and intimal hyperplasia. The aim was to(More)
Despite extensive attention to abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in the biomedical engineering community, its effect on aortic hemodynamics and arterial wave reflection has not been addressed before. We used experimental and numerical methods, relying on a realistic AAA geometry constructed from patient computer tomography scans (CT-scans), to study this(More)
BACKGROUND During normal pregnancy (NP), cardiac output (CO) increases, and blood pressure and systemic vascular resistance are reduced. We wanted to evaluate systemic arterial properties and interaction between the left ventricle (LV) and systemic arteries during NP. The role of systemic arteries and their interaction with LV-function in this hemodynamic(More)
We used a multiphysics model to assess the accuracy of carotid strain estimates derived from a 1-D ultrasonic wall tracking algorithm. The presented tool integrates fluid-structure interaction (FSI) simulations with an ultrasound simulator (Field II), which allows comparison of the ultrasound (US) images with a ground truth. Field II represents tissue as(More)
In this work, a simulation environment for the development of flow-related ultrasound algorithms is presented. Ultrasound simulations of realistic Doppler signals require accurate modeling of blood flow. Instead of using analytically described flow behavior, complex blood movement can be derived from velocity fields obtained with computational fluid(More)
The long-term patency of the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) in left anterior descending (LAD) coronary stenosis bypass surgery is believed to be related to the degree of competitive flow between the LAD and LIMA. To investigate the effect of the LAD stenosis severity on this phenomenon and on haemodynamics in the LIMA and anastomosis region, a(More)
Ultrasonic Doppler techniques are well established and allow qualitative and quantitative flow analysis. However, due to inherent limitations of the imaging process, the actual flow dynamics and the ultrasound (US) image do not always correspond. To investigate the performance of ultrasonic flow imaging methods, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) can play(More)
PURPOSE Ultrasound (US) is a commonly used vascular imaging tool when screening for patients at high cardiovascular risk. However, current blood flow and vessel wall imaging methods are hampered by several limitations. When optimizing and developing new ultrasound modalities, proper validation is required before clinical implementation. Therefore, the(More)
The ApoE(-)(/)(-) mouse is a common small animal model to study atherosclerosis, an inflammatory disease of the large and medium sized arteries such as the carotid artery. It is generally accepted that the wall shear stress, induced by the blood flow, plays a key role in the onset of this disease. Wall shear stress, however, is difficult to derive from(More)