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A novel synapse-associated protein, SAP90, accumulates around the axon hillock of Purkinje cells in rat cerebellum. By immuno-electron microscopy, SAP90 has been localized to the presynaptic termini of basket cells forming inhibitory, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic synapses onto Purkinje cell axon hillocks. The amino acid sequence for SAP90 has been(More)
Piccolo is a novel component of the presynaptic cytoskeletal matrix (PCM) assembled at the active zone of neurotransmitter release. Analysis of its primary structure reveals that Piccolo is a multidomain zinc finger protein structurally related to Bassoon, another PCM protein. Both proteins were found to be shared components of glutamatergic and GABAergic(More)
In this study, we describe a novel 420 kDa protein, called Piccolo, found at a wide variety of adult rat brain synapses. High protein levels in the cerebellum, the olfactory bulb and the hippocampus were frequently observed to be associated with asymmetric type 1 synapses. Piccolo is selectively enriched in presynaptic terminals, but is not a component of(More)
Antisera against a rat brain synaptic protein preparation, the postsynaptic density (PSD) fraction, were used to isolate cDNA clones by expression screening of a rat brain cDNA library. About one fifth of more than 200 analyzed cDNAs encoding potential synapse-associated proteins were previously unknown. Identifiable proteins include, among others,(More)
cDNA clones encoding microtubule-associated proteins 1 (MAP1/MAP1A) and 5 (MAP5/MAP1B) were isolated and have been used to study their structural relationship as well as their regulated expression in developing rat brain. cDNA clones specific for MAP1 hybridized to a single 10-kb rat brain mRNA, and analysis of genomic DNA by Southern blotting indicated the(More)
Thymus-derived (T) lymphocytes recognize antigen in conjunction with surface glycoproteins encoded by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes. Whereas fragments of soluble antigens are presented to T helper lymphocytes (TH), which carry the CD4 antigen, in association with class II MHC molecules, CD8-bearing cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) usually see(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to assess cost-effectiveness and long-term clinical benefits of renal denervation in resistant hypertensive patients. BACKGROUND Resistant hypertension affects 12% of hypertensive persons. In the Symplicity HTN-2 randomized controlled trial, catheter-based renal denervation (RDN) lowered systolic blood pressure by(More)
BACKGROUND In the recent Pathway CH-1 study, on-demand stimulation of the sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) by means of an implantable neurostimulation system was proven to be a safe and effective therapy for the treatment of chronic cluster headache. Our objective was to assess the cost-effectiveness of SPG stimulation in the German healthcare system when(More)
OBJECTIVES Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) is a guideline-recommended third-line treatment option for managing overactive bladder. Current SNM devices are not rechargeable, and require neurostimulator replacement every 3-6 years. Our study objective was to assess potential cost effects to payers of adopting a rechargeable SNM neurostimulator device. METHODS(More)