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Piccolo is a novel component of the presynaptic cytoskeletal matrix (PCM) assembled at the active zone of neurotransmitter release. Analysis of its primary structure reveals that Piccolo is a multidomain zinc finger protein structurally related to Bassoon, another PCM protein. Both proteins were found to be shared components of glutamatergic and GABAergic(More)
In this study, we describe a novel 420 kDa protein, called Piccolo, found at a wide variety of adult rat brain synapses. High protein levels in the cerebellum, the olfactory bulb and the hippocampus were frequently observed to be associated with asymmetric type 1 synapses. Piccolo is selectively enriched in presynaptic terminals, but is not a component of(More)
A novel synapse-associated protein, SAP90, accumulates around the axon hillock of Purkinje cells in rat cerebellum. By immuno-electron microscopy, SAP90 has been localized to the presynaptic termini of basket cells forming inhibitory, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic synapses onto Purkinje cell axon hillocks. The amino acid sequence for SAP90 has been(More)
cDNA clones encoding microtubule-associated proteins 1 (MAP1/MAP1A) and 5 (MAP5/MAP1B) were isolated and have been used to study their structural relationship as well as their regulated expression in developing rat brain. cDNA clones specific for MAP1 hybridized to a single 10-kb rat brain mRNA, and analysis of genomic DNA by Southern blotting indicated the(More)
Antisera against a rat brain synaptic protein preparation, the postsynaptic density (PSD) fraction, were used to isolate cDNA clones by expression screening of a rat brain cDNA library. About one fifth of more than 200 analyzed cDNAs encoding potential synapse-associated proteins were previously unknown. Identifiable proteins include, among others,(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder associated with substantially increased cardiovascular risks, reduced quality of life, and increased risk of motor vehicle collisions due to daytime sleepiness. This study evaluates the cost-effectiveness of three commonly used diagnostic strategies (full-night polysomnography, split-night(More)
Thymus-derived (T) lymphocytes recognize antigen in conjunction with surface glycoproteins encoded by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes. Whereas fragments of soluble antigens are presented to T helper lymphocytes (TH), which carry the CD4 antigen, in association with class II MHC molecules, CD8-bearing cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) usually see(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to assess cost-effectiveness and long-term clinical benefits of renal denervation in resistant hypertensive patients. BACKGROUND Resistant hypertension affects 12% of hypertensive persons. In the Symplicity HTN-2 randomized controlled trial, catheter-based renal denervation (RDN) lowered systolic blood pressure by(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate the clinical and economic impact of drug-eluting endovascular treatment strategies for femoropopliteal artery disease compared with current standard of care. DESIGN Systematic literature search to pool target lesion revascularisations (TLR). Model-based per-patient cost impact and quasi-cost-effectiveness projection over 24 months(More)
BACKGROUND Endobronchial valve (EBV) therapy is an innovative treatment that has been shown to be safe and effective in selected subgroups of patients with severe emphysema. OBJECTIVES The objective of our study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of EBV therapy compared to the medical management of patients with high heterogeneity, complete fissures and(More)