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Coronary arterial fistulas are abnormal connections between the coronary arteries and the chambers of the heart or major thoracic vessels. Although first described in 1841, the true incidence is difficult to evaluate because approximately half of the cases may be asymptomatic and clinically undetectable. This review will discuss the history and prevalence(More)
Central nervous system tumors are the second most common form of cancer in children between the ages of 1 and 19 years. We aimed to provide the most recent data on the incidence and survival of these tumors in the USA and to assess the literature. Frequency, rates, and survival sessions were calculated using the November 2008 submission for the US(More)
BACKGROUND The season of diagnosis of several forms of cancer has been observed to impact survival, supporting the hypothesis that vitamin D3 has a protective role in cancer survival. All previous studies demonstrating this seasonality were performed in European populations residing at latitudes upwards of 50°N. This study investigated whether seasonality(More)
Clinical trials on oral clindamycin as an antimalarial in hospitalized patients and residents of endemic communities were conducted in the Philippines between May 1984 and December 1985. Seven and 9 qualified subjects in hospital were treated with 300 mg (regimen A) and 600 mg (regimen B) respectively, twice daily for 5 days. Eighteen patients seen at a(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to determine the most frequently presenting tumors exclusive to the head and neck within the pediatric population, and to identify racial disparities within the existing incidence rates. MATERIAL/METHODS The population-based Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registry was utilized to identify the(More)
Ectopia cordis (EC) is a rare congenital anomaly associated with the heart positioned outside of the thoracic cavity either partially or completely. The ectopic heart can be found along a spectrum of anatomical locations, including the cervical, thoracic and abdominal regions and in most cases, it protrudes outside the chest through a split sternum.(More)
Renal ectopia also known as ectopic kidney is an embryological renal anomaly characterised by abnormal anatomical location of one or both of the kidneys. This can occur in various forms such as (1) crossed fused renal ectopia, (2) ectopic thoracic kidney and (3) pelvic kidneys. The lump kidney is one of the six variations of crossed fused ectopic kidney.(More)
BACKGROUND Despite much epidemiological research on brain cancer in the United States, the etiology for the various subtypes remains elusive. The black population in the United States currently experiences lower incidence but higher survival rates when compared to other races. Thus, the aim of this study is to analyze the trends in incidence and survival(More)
There are several reports of multiple ectopic renal arteries (RA) in the literature. However, the ectopic origin of a single RA with a normal kidney position is rare. Knowledge of this variant is extremely important in clinical, surgical and radiological practice. Using MDCT angiography examination, we describe a rare case of a right kidney located in a(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the topography of the saphenous nerve branches and of the popliteal neurovascular bundle of knee and to establish a low risk placement position of the posteromedial knee portal (PmKP). A slice anatomy study, by using plastinated transparent knee cross-sections was performed on 12 intact right male cadaver lower(More)