Abigail D . Hankin

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INTRODUCTION To assess the prevalence of risk factors for violent injury among young adults treated at an urban emergency department (ED). METHODS This study is a cross-sectional analysis of data collected as part of a longitudinal study. Enrollment took place in an urban ED in a Level 1 trauma center, June through December 2010. All patients aged 18-24(More)
From the Editor—Emergency physicians must often make decisions about patient management without clear-cut data of sufficient quality to support clinical guidelines or evidence-based reviews. Topics in the Best Available Evidence section must be relevant to emergency physicians, are formally peer-reviewed, and must have a sufficient literature base to draw a(More)
Objective. To evaluate the effect of an Emergency Department (ED) based, educational intervention for at-risk health behaviors. Methods. A randomized trial over a one-year period. African American women, aged 21-55, presenting to the ED waiting room were eligible. Each participant took a computer-based survey on health risk behaviors. Participants who(More)
The 2009 Academic Emergency Medicine Consensus Conference working group session participants developed recommendations and research questions for violence prevention in the emergency department (ED). A writing group devised a working draft prior to the meeting and presented this to the breakout session at the consensus conference for input and approval. The(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify rates of alcohol and drug use among patients presenting to an inner-city Emergency Department (ED) and to describe demographic and health characteristics of patients with high-risk use. METHODS A cross-sectional study of patients presenting to the ED for any complaint. Patients were administered a brief screening about past(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the baseline level and evolution of defensive medicine and malpractice concern (MC) of emergency medicine (EM) residents. METHODS Using a validated instrument consisting of case scenarios and Likert-type scale questions, the authors performed a prospective, longitudinal (June 2001 to June 2005) study of EM residents at five 4-year(More)
INTRODUCTION Annually eight million emergency department (ED) visits are attributable to alcohol use. Screening ED patients for at-risk alcohol and substance use is an integral component of screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment programs, shown to be effective at reducing substance use. The objective is to evaluate ED patients' acceptance(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess rates of substance abuse (including tobacco, alcohol, and drug abuse) as well as rates of intimate partner violence (IPV) among African-American women seen in an urban emergency department (ED). METHODS Eligible participants included all African-American women between the ages of 21-55 years old who were seen in an urban ED for any(More)
INTRODUCTION Homicide is the second leading cause of death among youth aged 15-24. Prior cross-sectional studies, in non-healthcare settings, have reported exposure to community violence, peer behavior, and delinquency as risk factors for violent injury. However, longitudinal cohort studies have not been performed to evaluate the temporal or predictive(More)