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Hyperkinetic movements are unwanted or excess movements that are frequently seen in children with neurologic disorders. They are an important clinical finding with significant implications for diagnosis and treatment. However, the lack of agreement on standard terminology and definitions interferes with clinical treatment and research. We describe(More)
Congenital muscular torticollis may present in late childhood or adulthood with cervical contractures, limited range of motion, pain, and muscular hypertrophy. Seven of eight pediatric and adult patients with congenital muscular torticollis were injected with botulinum toxin type A. Only two patients had a modest benefit with improved range of motion. Early(More)
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