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The East African Orogen formed as a result of collision between portions of East and West Gondwanaland as the Mozambique Ocean closed in Late Neoproterozoic time, but it is not known exactly when. We use distinctive chemical and isotopic composition of deformed 'schistose' dykes in southern Israel to argue that this collision occurred after about 630 Ma,(More)
We have carried out detailed experimental investigations on polycrystalline CuO using dielectric constant, dc resistance, Raman spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction measurements at high pressures. Observation of anomalous changes both in dielectric constant and dielectric loss in the pressure range 3.7-4.4 GPa and reversal of piezoelectric current with(More)
We construct a coarse-grained effective two-dimensional (2d hydrodynamic theory as a theoretical model for a coupled system of a fluid membrane and a thin layer of a polar active fluid in its ordered state that is anchored to the membrane. We show that such a system is prone to generic instabilities through the interplay of nonequilibrium drive, polar order(More)
Motivated by the unique physical properties of biological active matter, e.g., cytoskeletal dynamics in eukaryotic cells, we set up effective two-dimensional (2d) coarse-grained hydrodynamic equations for the dynamics of thin active gels with polar or nematic symmetries. We use the well-known three-dimensional (3d) descriptions (K. Kruse et al., Eur. Phys.(More)
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