Abhinav Acharya

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Peer-to-peer (P2P) networks continue to be popular means of trading content. However, very little protection is in place to make sure that the files exchanged in these networks are not malicious, making them an ideal medium for spreading malware. We instrument two different open source P2P networks, Limewire and OpenFT, to examine the prevalence of malware(More)
Stress is an unavoidable life experience. It induces mood, cognitive dysfunction and plasticity changes in chronically stressed individuals. Among the various brain regions that have been studied, the hippocampus and amygdala have been observed to have different roles in controlling the limbic-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (limbic-HPA axis). This(More)
Well-designed biomaterial polymer particle-based vaccines will optimally promote immune cell antigen-presenting behavior while minimizing adverse inflammatory responses to the particles and encapsulated drugs or adjuvants. It is important in the design of particle-based vaccines to consider possible harmful effects of immune response on tissue at the(More)
Magnesium has recently received an increased amount of interest due to its potential use in biodegradable implant applications. The rapid degradation of conventional Mg is, however, a major limitation that needs to be addressed in the design of these materials, along with consideration of toxicity in selection of alloying elements. In this study, five(More)
It is known that adsorbed adhesive proteins on implanted biomaterials modulate inflammatory responses; however, modulation of dendritic cell (DC) responses upon interaction with adhesive proteins has only begun to be characterized. DCs are specialized antigen-presenting cells that modulate both innate and adaptive immune responses. Previously we have shown(More)
Despite decades of advances in transplant immunology, tissue damage caused by acute allograft rejection remains the primary cause of morbidity and mortality in the transplant recipient. Moreover, the long-term sequelae of lifelong immunosuppression leaves patients at risk for developing a host of other deleterious conditions. Controlled drug delivery using(More)
Dry eye disease (DED) is a common ocular disorder affecting millions of individuals worldwide. The pathology of DED involves the infiltration of CD4+ lymphocytes, leading to tear film instability and destructive inflammation. In the healthy steady state, a population of immunosuppressive T-cells called regulatory T-cells (Treg) regulates proliferation of(More)
Divalent cations, the most prevalent minerals in the body, are responsible for a wide variety of cellular functions including signaling, proliferation, differentiation and cell death, and therefore their transmembrane transportation is tightly regulated. Despite the importance of divalent cations in cell activity, there are currently no intracellular(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are central regulators of the immune system that operate in both innate and adaptive branches of immunity. Activation of DC by numerous factors, such as danger signals, has been well established. However, modulation of DC functions through adhesion-based cues has only begun to be characterized. In this work, DCs were cultured on(More)