Abhik Sen

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Synaptic loss is the earliest pathological change in Alzheimer disease (AD) and is the pathological change most directly correlated with the degree of dementia. ApoE4 is the major genetic risk factor for the age-dependent form of AD, which accounts for 95% of cases. Here we show that in synaptic networks formed from primary hippocampal neurons in culture,(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) ε and α activation has been implicated in synaptogenesis. We used aged rats to test whether the PKCε/α activator bryostatin and PKCε-specific activator DCP-LA combined with spatial memory training could restore mushroom dendritic spinogenesis and synaptogenesis. Compared with young rats, aged, learning-impaired rats had lower memory(More)
Apolipoprotein E4 (ApoE4) is a major genetic risk factor for several neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). Epigenetic dysregulation, including aberrations in histone acetylation, is also associated with AD. We show here for the first time that ApoE4 increases nuclear translocation of histone deacetylases (HDACs) in human neurons,(More)
In Alzheimer's disease (AD) transgenic mice, activation of synaptogenic protein kinase C ε (PKCε) was found to prevent synaptotoxic amyloid-β (Aβ)-oligomer elevation, PKCε deficits, early synaptic loss, cognitive deficits, and amyloid plaque formation. In humans, to study the role of PKCε in the pathophysiology of AD and to evaluate its possible use as an(More)
Protein kinase Cϵ (PKCϵ) promotes synaptic maturation and synaptogenesis via activation of synaptic growth factors such as BDNF, NGF, and IGF. However, many of the detailed mechanisms by which PKCϵ induces synaptogenesis are not fully understood. Accumulation of PSD-95 to the postsynaptic density (PSD) is known to lead to synaptic maturation and(More)
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