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Visceral leishmaniasis, which is caused by Leishmania donovani, is one of the major health problems of the Indian subcontinent. Infected hosts have been reported to have impaired lymphoproliferation. However, the fate of anergic cells is still elusive. In the present investigation, L. donovani-infected hamsters were used to study the mechanism of lymphocyte(More)
Leishmania donovani-infected splenic macrophages and P388D1 (P388D1(I)) failed to activate T cells in response to low dose of exogenous peptide. The membrane fluidity of P388D1(I) was greater than that of the normal counterpart P388D1(N), but could be reduced either by exposing the cell below phase transition point or by loading cholesterol into membrane(More)
The intracellular parasite Cryptosporidium is responsible for severe diarrhea in immunocompromised persons in developing countries. Few studies on the characterization of the parasite in India are available. In this study, molecular characterization of the parasite from diarrheic children was carried out by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism(More)
Endemicity of cryptosporidiosis in India has been documented with little genetic characterization of the parasites. Fifty Cryptosporidium-positive specimens collected between 2001 and 2004 from pediatric patients in Kolkata, India were analyzed for parasite genetic structure using multilocus sequence typing (MLST). Genotype analyses showed the presence of(More)
The 29-kDa surface antigen (thiol-dependent peroxidase; Eh29) of Entamoeba histolytica exhibits peroxidative and protective antioxidant activities. During tissue invasion, the trophozoites are exposed to oxidative stress and need to deal with highly toxic reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this investigation, attempts have been made to understand the role of(More)
Expression of Leishmania donovani cyclin 1 (LdCyc1) mRNA during the cell cycle of promastigotes is S-phase specific. Here, we show that the LdCyc1 protein is periodically expressed and the activity of its associated kinase varies during the cell cycle in line with its expression pattern. In addition, we have shown that LdCRK3, homologous to CRK3 from L.(More)
Programmed cell death (PCD) is an essential process in the growth and development of multicellular organisms. However, accumulating evidence indicates that unicellular eukaryotes can also undergo PCD with apoptosis-like features. This study demonstrates that after exposure to 0.8 mM H(2)O(2) for 9 h Entamoeba histolytica presents morphological and(More)
Phagocytic cells produce reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS & RNS) as the most common arsenal to kill intracellular pathogens. Leishmania, an obligate intracellular pathogen also confronts this antimicrobial assault during the early phase of infection but nevertheless is able to survive these attacks and proliferate in macrophage. Adaptation of(More)
Entamoeba histolytica, an amitochondriate parasitic protist, was demonstrated to be capable of reducing the oxidized form of alpha-lipoic acid, a non permeable electron acceptor outside the plasma membrane. This transmembrane reduction of non permeable electron acceptors with redox potentials ranging from -290 mV to +360 mV takes place at neutral pH. The(More)
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