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India's health financing system is a cause of and an exacerbating factor in the challenges of health inequity, inadequate availability and reach, unequal access, and poor-quality and costly health-care services. Low per person spending on health and insufficient public expenditure result in one of the highest proportions of private out-of-pocket expenses in(More)
Patterning of the antennal lobe of adult Drosophila occurs through a complex interaction between sensory neurons, glia, and central neurons of larval and adult origin. Neurons from the olfactory sense organs are organized into distinct fascicles lined by glial cells. The glia originate from one of the three types of sensory lineages-specified by the(More)
Between 1998 and 2000, a total of 266 samples were found positive for group A rotaviruses by RNA electrophoresis. Samples were collected from patients admitted to two leading hospitals in Calcutta. Serotyping could be done only with 22% of the positive samples, leaving 78% untypeable. The G (VP7 genotypes) and P (VP4 genotypes) types were determined for 159(More)
BACKGROUND Physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness relate to better cognitive performance. Little is known about the effects of fitness on structural brain abnormalities in the elderly. OBJECTIVE Assess the association between maximal oxygen consumption (VO(2)max), white matter lesion (WML) volume and brain parenchymal fraction (BPF) in a large(More)
Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a highly contagious, economically important viral disease of sheep and goats with high morbidity and mortality rates. In order to control the disease effectively, highly sensitive diagnostic tests coupled with potent vaccines are important pre-requisites. At present, there are three live attenuated PPR vaccines available(More)
Dilauroyl and dimyristoylphosphatidylglycerol (DMPG) form a more stable gel state when aqueous suspensions are incubated several days at low temperature (0-2 degrees C), pH 7.4 with 0.15 M NaCl. This gel state is characterized by a higher transition temperature and a higher transition enthalpy. The geometry of this gel state is distinguishable from the(More)
The present study was undertaken to express goatpox virus (GTPV) P32 protein in Pichia pastoris and evaluate its potential use as a diagnostic antigen in ELISA. The amplified P32 gene of GTPV was cloned into pPICZalphaA vector and characterized by PCR, restriction enzyme digestion and sequencing. The characterized linear recombinant plasmids were(More)
The present experiments assessed the influence of nicotinic cholinergic receptors on latent inhibition (LI), which is the decrement in Pavlovian conditioning resulting from extensive preexposure to a conditioned stimulus (CS). LI was assessed within a conditioned emotional response paradigm involving three phases: preexposure [either 0 (nonpreexposed) or 60(More)
  • A Sen, E Arinc
  • 1998
NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase was purified to electrophoretic homogeneity from detergent-solubilized liver microsomes from the leaping mullet (Liza saliens). The purified reductase was characterized with respect to spectral, electrophoretic, and biocatalytic properties. In addition, effects of pH, ionic strength, and the substrate concentration on the(More)
The present study utilized a cultured myocardial cell model to evaluate the relationship between the release of arachidonate from membrane phospholipids, and the progression of cell injury during ATP depletion. High-energy phosphate depletion was induced by incubating cultured neonatal rat myocardial cells with various combinations of metabolic inhibitors(More)