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Glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3), a constitutively acting multi-functional serine threonine kinase is involved in diverse physiological pathways ranging from metabolism, cell cycle, gene expression, development and oncogenesis to neuroprotection. These diverse multiple functions attributed to GSK3 can be explained by variety of substrates like glycogen(More)
The biodistribution profile of a series of linear N-(2-hydroxylpropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA) copolymers was compared with that of branched poly(amido amine) dendrimers containing surface hydroxyl groups (PAMAM-OH) in orthotopic ovarian-tumor-bearing mice. Below an average molecular weight (MW) of 29 kDa, the HPMA copolymers were smaller than the PAMAM-OH(More)
Silica nanoparticles (SiO(2)) are widely used in biomedical applications such as drug delivery, cell tracking, and gene transfection. The capability to control the geometry, porosity, and surface characteristics of SiO(2) further provides new opportunities for their applications in nanomedicine. Concerns however remain about the potential toxic effects of(More)
The residues involved in substrate interaction of the human apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (hASBT, SLC10A2) remain undefined. Biochemical modification of conserved cysteine residues has suggested their direct involvement in hASBT function. In the present study, we developed novel methanethiosulfonyl (MTS)-bile salt derivatives and describe(More)
The purpose of this work was to assess the impact of PEGylation on transepithelial transport of anionic poly(amidoamine) dendrimers. Cytotoxicity, uptake and transport across Caco-2 cells of PEGylated G3.5 and G4.5 PAMAM dendrimers were studied. Methoxy polyethylene glycol (750 Da) was conjugated to carboxylic acid-terminated PAMAM dendrimers at feed ratios(More)
Spherical and rod-shaped gold nanoparticles with surface poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) chains were characterized for size, shape, charge, poly dispersity and surface plasmon resonance. The nanoparticles were injected intravenously to 6-8-week-old female nu/nu mice bearing orthotopic ovarian tumors, and their biodistribution in vital organs was compared. Gold(More)
Aurora kinases (AKs) represent a family of serine/threonine protein kinases that regulate mitotic processes during cell division. They are primarily involved in regulating the multiple steps of mitosis, including centrosome duplication, formation of bipolar mitotic spindle, chromosome alignment on the mitotic spindle, establishment and maintenance of the(More)
Therapeutic success of statins has distinctly established inhibition of de novo hepatic cholesterol synthesis as an effective approach to lower plasma LDL-cholesterol, the major risk factor for atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease. Statins inhibit HMG CoA reductase, a rate limiting enzyme which catalyses conversion of HMG CoA to mevalonic acid.(More)
Intracellular levels of cyclic nuclec tides are closely regulated by distinct families of PD Es, which are responsible for the breakdown and degradation of cyclic nucleotides within cells. Type 4 PDEs have the potency to modulate the release of inflammatory mediators through cAMP-dependent and -independent mechanisms. Selective targeting of PDE4 is(More)
IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD The Polo-like kinase (Plk) family has emerged as an important regulator in cell cycle progression. Plks belong to a family of serine/threonine kinases and exist in four isoforms Plk1- 4. However, only one of these isoforms, Plk1, is shown to be involved in the activation of Cdc2, chromosome segregation, centrosome maturation, bipolar(More)