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BACKGROUND In recent years, the three-dimensional structure of the ribosome has been visualised in different functional states by single-particle cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) at 13-25 A resolution. Even more recently, X-ray crystallography has achieved resolution levels better than 10 A for the ribosomal structures of thermophilic and halophilic(More)
The autonomic nervous system drives variability in heart rate, vascular tone, cardiac ejection, and arterial pressure, but gender differences in autonomic regulation of the latter three parameters are not well documented. In addition to mean values, we used spectral analysis to calculate variability in arterial pressure, heart rate (R-R interval, RRI),(More)
INTRODUCTION Exposure to spaceflight or simulations of microgravity reduce human postflight orthostatic tolerance. Exercise training and volume loading can reduce associated losses of plasma volume and muscle strength, but are not successful in maintaining postflight orthostatic tolerance. A preliminary study (16) indicated that short bouts of artificial(More)
INTRODUCTION Recent studies show that cardiorespiratory variables are nonlinearly coupled. In the present study, we tested the feasibility of using bispectral analysis to estimate changes in nonlinear phase coupling. METHODS We stimulated chemo- and baro-reflexes by switching inspired gas between air and air with 5% CO2 added during supine and 70 degrees(More)
This study quantified the effect of interrupting the descending input to the sympathetic preganglionic neurons on the dynamic behavior of arterial blood pressure (BP) in the unanesthetized rat. BP was recorded for approximately 4-h intervals in six rats in the neurally intact state and in the same animals after complete spinal cord transection (SCT) between(More)
The molecular clock mechanism underlies circadian rhythms and is defined by a transcription-translation feedback loop. Bmal1 encodes a core molecular clock transcription factor. Germline Bmal1 knockout mice show a loss of circadian variation in heart rate and blood pressure, and they develop dilated cardiomyopathy. We tested the role of the molecular clock(More)
Variations in respiratory pattern influence the heart rate spectrum. It has been suggested, hence, that metronomic respiration should be used to correctly assess vagal modulation of heart rate by using spectral analysis. On the other hand, breathing to a metronome has been reported to increase heart rate spectral power in the high- or respiratory frequency(More)
Healthy young people may become syncopal during standing, head up tilt (HUT) or lower body negative pressure (LBNP). To evaluate why this happens we measured hormonal indices of autonomic activity along with arterial pressure (AP), heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (CO), total peripheral resistance (TPR) and measures of plasma volume.(More)
Effects of gender in cardiovascular regulation are widely investigated, however differences in cerebral autoregulation (CA) between genders remains less explored. In the present study, we used spectral analysis to analyze differences in cerebral autoregulation between 10 men and 10 age-matched women. Subjects rested in a supine position (20 min) and then(More)