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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The extracellular matrix (ECM) plays a key role in signaling necessary for tissue remodeling and cell survival. However, signals from the ECM altered by disease, e.g. inflammatory diseases such as periodontitis and arthritis, may lead to apoptosis or programmed cell death of resident cells. Previously, we found that a(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of age, race, and comorbid illness with procedures and complications in hospitalized patients with invasive carcinoma of the cervix in a statewide population-based database over a 3-year period. METHODS Hospitalizations were classified into homogeneous subgroups based on a diagnosis of(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether F-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) micro-positron emission tomography (micro-PET) can predict abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) rupture. BACKGROUND An infrarenal AAA model is needed to study inflammatory mechanisms that drive rupture. F-FDG PET can detect vascular inflammation in animal models and patients. METHODS After exposing(More)
BACKGROUND In humans, there is a 4:1 male:female ratio in the incidence of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). c-Jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK) is an important upstream regulator of several enzymes involved in AAA formation, including the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a gender difference between males(More)
BACKGROUND It is hypothesized that activation of extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK) is critical in activating matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) during abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) formation. STUDY DESIGN C57BL/6 male mice underwent either elastase or heat-inactivated elastase aortic perfusion (n = 9 per group). Mouse aortic smooth muscle cells(More)
It is hypothesized that differential AKT phosphorylation between sexes is important in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) formation. Male C57BL/6 mice undergoing elastase treatment showed a typical AAA phenotype (80% over baseline, P < 0.001) and significantly increased phosphorylated AKT-308 (p308) and total-AKT (T-AKT) at day 14 compared with female mice.(More)
In the course of trying to understand the pathogenesis of leishmaniasis in relation to extracellular matrix (ECM) elements, laminin, a major ECM protein, has been found to bind saturably and with high affinity to a 67-kDa cell surface protein of Leishmania donovani. This interaction involves a single class of binding sites, which are ionic in nature,(More)
Dental pulp cells can differentiate toward an odontoblastic phenotype to produce reparative dentin beneath caries lesions. However, the mechanisms involved in pulp cell differentiation under pro-inflammatory stimuli have not been well-explored. Thus, we hypothesized that the pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) could be a(More)
Periodontal tissue engineering is a complex process requiring the regeneration of bone, cementum, and periodontal ligament (PDL). Since cementum regeneration is poorly understood, we used a dog model of dental pulpal necrosis and in vitro cellular wounding and mineralization assays to determine the mechanism of action of calcium hydroxide, Ca(OH)2, in(More)
BACKGROUND Estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) has been identified in the vessel wall, offering vasoprotective effects when upregulated. Estrogens are known to mediate the inflammatory milieu, and inflammation has long been associated with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) formation. Therefore, it is theorized that increased estrogen receptor in females contributes(More)