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A simple method is reported to fabricate gold arrays featuring microwells surrounding 8-electrodes from gold compact discs (CDs) for less than $0.2 per chip. Integration of these disposable gold CD array chips with microfluidics provided inexpensive immunoarrays that were used to measure a cancer biomarker protein quickly at high sensitivity. The gold CD(More)
Covalently linked layers of glucose oxidase, single-wall carbon nanotubes and poly-L-lysine on pyrolytic graphite resulted in a stable biofuel cell anode featuring direct electron transfer from the enzyme. Catalytic response observed upon addition of glucose was due to electrochemical oxidation of FADH(2) under aerobic conditions. The electrode potential(More)
Amperometric immunosensor configurations featuring covalently bound anti-biotin antibodies (Ab) embedded into a polylysine (PLL)-single walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) composite layer were evaluated. Assemblies were made by first oxidizing pyrolytic graphite (PG) electrodes to form surface carboxylic acid groups, to which PLL, SWCNTs and anti-biotin were(More)
Microchip-based microfluidic electrochemical arrays hold great promise for fast, high-throughput multiplexed detection of cancer biomarker proteins at low cost per assay using relatively simple instrumentation. Here we describe an inexpensive high-throughput electrochemical array featuring 32 individually addressable microelectrodes that is further(More)
A low cost three-dimensional (3D) printed clear plastic microfluidic device was fabricated for fast, low cost automated protein detection. The unibody device features three reagent reservoirs, an efficient 3D network for passive mixing, and an optically transparent detection chamber housing a glass capture antibody array for measuring chemiluminescence(More)
Biocatalytic surfaces hold promise for future clean methods of chemical synthesis. Biocatalyst films utilizing inexpensive redox proteins can operate in low-toxicity microemulsions with high capacities to dissolve nonpolar reactants. Crosslinked films of myoglobin (Mb) and poly(L-lysine) (PLL) attached to oxidized carbon cathodes gave up to 40-fold larger(More)
Redox proteins attached to surfaces designed for biocatalysis hold promise for future clean synthetic routes. It is advantageous for these biocatalysts to operate in low-toxicity fluids with a high capacity to dissolve reactants. Here we report cross-linked films of myoglobin (Mb) and poly(L-lysine) (PLL) chemically attached to oxidized carbon cloth(More)
We report herein the electrochemical dehalogenation of vicinal dibromides in microemulsions using cross-linked films of the redox protein myoglobin (Mb) and poly-l-lysine (PLL) covalently bonded to carbon electrodes. Catalytic reduction of the dibromides to olefins was more efficient in an SDS microemulsion than in a CTAB microemulsion. SDS shifts the Mb(More)
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