Abhay Madhukar Harsulkar

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Helicoverpa armigera is a devastating pest of cotton and other important crop plants all over the world. A detailed biochemical investigation of H. armigera gut proteinases is essential for planning effective proteinase inhibitor (PI)-based strategies to counter the insect infestation. In this study, we report the complexity of gut proteinase composition of(More)
Proteinase inhibitors (PIs) from the seeds of bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) were identified as strong inhibitors of Helicoverpa armigera gut proteinases (HGP). Biochemical investigations showed that bitter gourd PIs (BGPIs) inhibited more than 80% HGP activity. Electrophoretic analysis revealed the presence of two major proteins (BGPI-1 and-2) and(More)
Dry mature seeds of winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus L., DC.) (WB) contain several proteinase inhibitors. Two-dimensional gel analysis of WB seed protein followed by activity visualization using a gel-X-ray film contact print technique revealed at least 14 trypsin inhibitors (TIs) in the range of 28-6 kD. A total of seven inhibitors (WBTI-1 to 7)(More)
The Delta12 desaturase represents a diverse gene family in plants and is responsible for conversion of oleic acid (18:1) to linoleic acid (18:2). Several members of this family are known from plants like Arabidopsis and Soybean. Using primers from conserved C- and N-terminal regions, we have cloned a novel Delta12 desaturase gene amplified from flax genomic(More)
The objective of this study was to analyze the genetic relationships, using PCR-based ISSR markers, among 70 Indian flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) genotypes actively utilized in flax breeding programs. Twelve ISSR primers were used for the analysis yielding 136 loci, of which 87 were polymorphic. The average number of amplified loci and the average number of(More)
Beneficial effects of dietary flaxseed oil or fish oil on streptozotocin-nicotinamide induced diabetic rats were investigated. Rats were divided into three diabetic and three non-diabetic groups and received control, flaxseed oil or fish oil diets (10%w/w). Both diets reduced blood glucose, TBARS and hepatic NO. The extent of glycation measured in terms of(More)
Since Helicoverpa armigera is a devastating pest, an attempt was made to separate its gut proteinases and assess their diversity. Gelatin coating present on the X-ray film was used as a substrate to detect electrophoretically separated proteinases of H. armigera gut extract on native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE), sodium dodecyl sulfate(More)
There is a need for effective nutraceuticals for osteoarthritis care. The fruit of Phyllanthus emblica is used as a powerful rejuvenator in Ayurvedic medicine. This study measured the chondroprotective potential of P. emblica ('Amalaki') fruits in vitro. We used aqueous extracts of unprocessed P. emblica fruit powder (powder A), and the powder obtained(More)
Dietary omega-3 fatty acids have been demonstrated to have positive physiological effects on lipid metabolism, cardiovascular system and insulin resistance. Type-2 diabetes (T2DM) is known for perturbations in fatty acid metabolism leading to dyslipidemia. Our objective was to investigate beneficial effects of dietary flaxseed oil and fish oil in(More)
Polyunsaturated fatty acids like EPA and DHA have attracted a great attention due to their beneficial effects on human health. At present, fish oil is the major source of EPA and DHA. Various alternative sources are being explored to get these essential fatty acids. Genes encoding enzymes involved in the biosyntheses of PUFAs have been identified, cloned(More)