Abhay M . Gaidhane

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Disability experience of persons with HIV illness has shifted from issues related to physical well-being to those concerning performance of daily life activities. This study aimed to find out the nature of self-care among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in rural tertiary care center. The objectives were to determine reported self-care by performance(More)
BACKGROUND Dental caries is one of the most common chronic diseases of early childhood. Dental problems in early childhood have been shown to be predictive of future dental problems, growth and development by interfering with comfort, nutrition, concentration, and school participation. AIM To find out the prevalence of Early childhood caries (ECC) among(More)
BACKGROUND Ghrelin is a type of growth hormone (GH) secretagogue that stimulates the release of GH. It is a first hormone linking gastrointestinal-pituitary axis. OBJECTIVE This review highlights the interaction of ghrelin with GHRH and somatostatin to regulate the secretion of GH and intends to explore the possible physiological role of the(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) presents a growing threat to the global health. Evidences highlight an important role of ghrelin as a key regulator of glucose metabolism. The physiological functions of ghrelin are mediated by enzyme ghrelin-O-acyltransferase (GOAT) which is capable of generating the active form of this metabolic(More)
BACKGROUND In HIV-infected patients, PTB (Pulmonary Tuberculosis) is still the commonest form of TB. The most cost-effective method of detecting TB cases among PTB suspects in high-prevalence countries is by sputum smear microscopy. World Health Organisation (WHO) states that sputum positivity decreases accompanying with atypical chest x-ray findings as CD4(More)
CONTEXT The rise in diabetes mellitus (DM) portends a disaster of major proportion worldwide. AIM To study the determinants of type-2 DM in people who are >/=45 years of age by selective screening methodology in rural area of Wardha district. SETTINGS AND DESIGN A cross-sectional study in a rural area of Wardha district. METHODOLOGY A cross-sectional(More)
BACKGROUND Reaching a correct diagnosis is a challenge for physicians treating any of the 30% to 50% of pulmonary tuberculosis patients who have negative sputum cultures or who present with no sputum. Flexible bronchoscopy acquires special importance for these cases for whom empirical anti-tuberculosis therapy is the only option left. In our study we aimed(More)
INTRODUCTION Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) are steadily increasing and are a major cause of mortality and morbidity, particularly in the young population, leading to the loss of life and productivity in the developing countries. Providing critical care to these patients with TBI is a challenge even in well-advanced centers in major cities of India. In the(More)
BACKGROUND Heart failure (HF) continues to be a challenging condition in terms of prevention and management of the disease. Studies have demonstrated various cardio-protective effects of Ghrelin. The aim of the study is to determine the effect of Ghrelin on mortality and cardiac function in experimental rats/mice models of HF. METHODS Data sources:(More)
Competency in the practice of public health is the implicit goal of education institutions that offer master of public health (MPH) programs. With the expanding number of institutions offering courses in public health in India, it is timely to develop a common framework to ensure that graduates are proficient in critical public health. Steps such as(More)