Abhay K. Varma

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Loss of motoneurons may underlie some of the deficits in motor function associated with the central nervous system (CNS) injuries and diseases. We tested whether melatonin, a potent antioxidant and free radical scavenger, would prevent motoneuron apoptosis following exposure to toxins and whether this neuroprotection is mediated by melatonin receptors.(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Fluorescence image-guided brain tumor resection is thought to assist neurosurgeons by visualizing those tumor margins that merge imperceptibly into normal brain tissue and, hence, are difficult to identify. We compared resection completeness and residual tumor, determined by histopathology, after white light resection (WLR) using(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a debilitating condition with neurological deficits and loss of motor function that, depending on the severity, may lead to paralysis. The only treatment currently available is methylprednisolone, which is widely used and renders limited efficacy in SCI. Therefore, other therapeutic agents must be developed. The neuroprotective(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) causes loss of neurological function and, depending upon the severity of injury, may lead to paralysis. Currently, no FDA-approved pharmacotherapy is available for SCI. High-dose methylprednisolone is widely used, but this treatment is controversial. We have previously shown that low doses of estrogen reduces inflammation,(More)
PTEN is a tumor suppressor gene that is either mutated or deleted in a number of human cancers. PTEN acts as a negative regulator of the PI3K/Akt survival pathway and thus plays an important role in cell fate, proliferation, growth, and migration. Recent evidence suggests that PTEN may also be involved in the pathophysiology of neurodegenerative disorders(More)
Pituitary abscess is a rare condition occurring in various age groups. Only about a hundred cases have been reported in the literature. We describe six cases that constitute 0.6% of all the pituitary lesions operated at this centre in the last 10 years. All the patients presented with visual symptoms, though systemic features of infection were present in(More)
Despite extensive experimental research, the numbers of neuroprotective drugs that have proven efficacy following treatment of patients with traumatic CNS injuries still remain meager. It would be worthwhile to emphasize that majority of the victims are mostly in the second or third decades of their lives. A survey on the neuroprotective molecules that has(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) may cause apoptosis and inflammation in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and spinal cord injury (SCI). Recent studies suggest that estrogen (EST) provides neuroprotection against SCI. We tested whether 1,3,5-tris (4-hydroxyphenyl)-4-propyl-1H-pyrazole (PPT) (EST receptor alpha (ERα) agonist), 2,3-bis (4-hydroxyphenyl)(More)
In the present series, the clinical and pathological features of 29 patients of gliosarcoma diagnosed over a 12 yr period (1984-1995) are reviewed. Gliosarcomas constituted 0.48 per cent of all intracranial tumours and 4.9 per cent of all cases of glioblastoma multiforme. Most patients (68.6%) with these tumours were above 40 yr of age. However, an(More)