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Infection with influenza A virus represents a major public health threat worldwide, particularly in patients with asthma. However, immunity induced by influenza A virus may have beneficial effects, particularly in young children, that might protect against the later development of asthma, as suggested by the hygiene hypothesis. Herein, we show that(More)
The sedimentation rate of erythrocyte under controlled conditions was used to study the influence of cell deformability and geometry on erythrocyte aggregation. The cell deformability, which is determined by the viscoelastic properties of the membrane, the cell geometry, and the cellular viscosity, was systematically altered. The viscoelasticity of the(More)
The aim of this study was to examine whether altered plasma viscosity could contribute to the inappropriately low production rate of erythropoietin (EPO) observed in patients suffering from hypergammaglobulinemias associated with multiple myeloma or Waldenström's disease. We found that the EPO formation in response to anemia in these patients was inversely(More)
The influence of erythrocyte shape changes on the sedimentation rate was studied in vitro and in vivo. In vitro the highest sedimentation rate was observed with a slight degree of stomatocytosis (morphological index-0.3; i.e. one red cell out of three being a stomatocyte I). With increasing degrees of stomatocytosis the sedimentation rate gradually(More)
The role of blood rheology in the pathogenesis of acute mountain sickness and high-altitude pulmonary edema was investigated. Twenty-three volunteers, 12 with a history of high-altitude pulmonary edema, were studied at low altitude (490 m) and at 2 h and 18 h after arrival at 4,559 m. Eight subjects remained healthy, seven developed acute mountain sickness,(More)
Erythrocytes with abnormal shapes and deformability reduce cell aggregation and hence sedimentation. It is not known what influence small fractions of these abnormal cells have on the sedimentation behaviour of normal cells. We have used three different methods to alter erythrocyte properties (glutaraldehyde, heat treatment, and metabolic depletion). The(More)
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