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Direct square-wave and cyclic voltammetric electrochemical examination of the yeast iso-1-cytochrome c Phe82His/Cys102Ser variant revealed the intricacies of redox driven changes in axial coordination, concomitant with intramolecular rearrangement. Electrochemical methods are ideally suited for such a redox study, since they provide a direct and(More)
The methionine 80 sulfur-heme iron bond of rat cytochrome c, whose stability is decreased by mutating the phylogenetically invariant residue proline 30 to alanine and increased when tyrosine 67 is changed to phenylalanine, recovers its wild-type characteristics when both substitutions are performed on the same molecule. Titrations with urea, analyzed(More)
Drosophila melanogaster and rat cytochromes c in which proline-30 was converted to alanine or valine were expressed in a strain of baker's yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, where they sustained aerobic growth. The mutations had no significant effect on the spectra or redox potentials but altered drastically the stability of the bond between the methionine-80(More)
Asn-52 of rat cytochrome c and baker's yeast iso-1-cytochrome c was changed to isoleucine by site-directed mutagenesis and the mutated proteins expressed in and purified from cultures of transformed yeast. This mutation affected the affinity of the haem iron for the Met-80 sulphur in the ferric state and the reduction potential of the molecule. The yeast(More)