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Analysis of the cholinergic regulation of glutamatergic neurotransmission is an essential step in understanding the hippocampus because it can influence forms of synaptic plasticity that are thought to underlie learning and memory. We studied in vitro the cholinergic regulation of excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) evoked in rat CA1 pyramidal neurons(More)
The rat facial whiskers form a high-resolution sensory apparatus for tactile information coding and are used by these animals for the exploration and perception of their environment. Previous work on the rat vibrissae system obtained evidence for vibration-based feature extraction by the whiskers, texture classification by the cortical neurons, and(More)
UNLABELLED Most work on visual prostheses has centered on developing retinal or cortical devices. However, when retinal implants are not feasible, neuroprostheses could be implanted in the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) of the thalamus, the intermediate relay station of visual information from the retina to the visual cortex (V1). The objective of the(More)
The structure and function of the central nervous system strongly depend on the organization and efficacy of the incoming sensory input. A disruption of somesthetic input severely alters the metabolic activity, electrophysiological properties and even gross anatomical features of the primary somatosensory cortex. Here we examined, in the rat somatosensory(More)
Any manipulation to natural sensory input has direct effects on the morphology and physiology of the Central Nervous System. In the particular case of amputations, sensory areas of the brain undergo degenerative processes with a marked reduction in neuronal activity and global disinhibition. This is probably due to a deregulation of the circuits devoted to(More)
The present study was designed to compare the electrophysiological characteristics of the principalis, oralis and interpolaris nuclei of the trigeminal sensory complex under stimulation of the vibrissae by air puffs. This stimulus generates deflection profiles resembling those induced by contact with real objects in natural conditions. Three populations of(More)
To determine the effectiveness of evoglow-Pp1 as a reporter to study gene expression in bifidobacteria. To choose a strong and constitutive promoter to track fluorescently labelled bifidobacteria in environments under anaerobic conditions. The elongation factor P (EF-P) promoter from Bifidobacterium longum CECT 4551 produced the highest emission of(More)
Phytoestrogens are plant-derived polyphenols with a structure similar to human estrogens. The three main groups of phytoestrogens, isoflavones, ellagitannins, and lignans, are transformed into equol, urolithins, and enterolignans, respectively, by bacteria. These metabolites have more estrogenic/antiestrogenic and antioxidant activities than their(More)
Oscillatory activity at both the single and multiunit levels has been reported in most central nervous system structures, and is postulated as a key factor in information processing and coding. Rats provide an excellent model for oscillation-based information processing, since tactile perception of the environment is achieved by rhythmic movements of their(More)
TONIC (SLOWLY ADAPTING) AND PHASIC (RAPIDLY ADAPTING) PRIMARY AFFERENTS CONVEY COMPLEMENTARY ASPECTS OF HAPTIC INFORMATION TO THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM: object location and texture the former, shape the latter. Tonic and phasic neural responses are also recorded in all relay stations of the somatosensory pathway, yet it is unknown their role in both,(More)