Abel M Cheng

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Complement is a component of natural immunity. Its regulation is needed to protect tissues from inflammation, but mice with a disrupted gene for the complement regulator decay accelerating factor were normal. Mice that were deficient in another murine complement regulator, Crry, were generated to investigate its role in vivo. Survival of Crry-/- embryos was(More)
The Syk cytoplasmic protein-tyrosine kinase has two amino-terminal SH2 domains and a carboxy-terminal catalytic domain. Syk, and its close relative ZAP-70, are apparently pivotal in coupling antigen- and Fc-receptors to downstream signalling events. Syk associates with activated Fc receptors, the T cell receptor complex and the B-cell antigen-receptor(More)
The cytoplasmic protein tyrosine kinase Syk has two amino-terminal SH2 domains that engage phosphorylated immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motifs in the signaling subunits of immunoreceptors. Syk, in conjunction with Src family kinases, has been implicated in immunoreceptor signaling in both lymphoid and myeloid cells. We have investigated the role(More)
The mammalian shc gene encodes two overlapping proteins of 46 and 52 kDa, each with a C-terminal Src homology 2 (SH2) domain and an N-terminal glycine/proline-rich sequence, that induce malignant transformation when overexpressed in mouse fibroblasts. p46shc, p52shc, and an additional 66-kDa shc gene product become highly tyrosine phosphorylated in Rat-2(More)
GADS is an adaptor protein implicated in CD3 signaling because of its ability to link SLP-76 to LAT. A GADS-deficient mouse was generated by gene targeting, and the function of GADS in T cell development and activation was examined. GADS- CD4-CD8- thymocytes exhibited a severe block in proliferation but still differentiated into mature T cells. GADS-(More)
An early stage in thymocyte development, after rearrangement of the beta chain genes of the T cell receptor (TCR), involves expression of the pre-TCR complex and accompanying differentiation of CD4(-)CD8(-) double negative (DN) cells to CD4(+)CD8(+) double positive (DP) cells. The ZAP-70 and Syk tyrosine kinases each contain two N-terminal SH2 domains that(More)
Antigen receptors (BCRs) on developing B lymphocytes play two opposing roles-promoting survival of cells that may later bind a foreign antigen and inhibiting survival of cells that bind too strongly to self-antigens. It is not known how these opposing outcomes are signaled by BCRs on immature B cells. Here we analyze the effect of a null mutation in the Syk(More)
Linker proteins function as molecular scaffolds to localize enzymes with substrates. In B cells, B cell linker protein (BLNK) links the B cell receptor (BCR)-activated Syk kinase to the phosphoinositide and mitogen-activated kinase pathways. To examine the in vivo role of BLNK, mice deficient in BLNK were generated. B cell development in BLNK-/- mice was(More)
Evidence has been accumulating linking clinical tinnitus to the somatosensory system. Most clinical tinnitus patients can change the acoustic properties of their tinnitus with forceful head and neck contractions. The significance of such somatic modulation of tinnitus was assessed by testing non-clinical subjects. Like clinical tinnitus patients, about 80%(More)
INTRODUCTION Endothelial dysfunction is known to occur in patients with coronary artery disease. Flow-mediated dilation of the brachial artery using Doppler ultrasound is a non-invasive technique for the assessment of endothelial function. The objective of the study was to use the above method to evaluate the pathophysiology of high-fat (HF) intake on(More)