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Dealing with Tyranny: International Sanctions and the Survival of Authoritarian Rulers
This paper examines whether economic sanctions destabilize authoritarian rulers. We argue that the effect of sanctions is mediated by the type of authoritarian regime against which sanctions are
Authoritarian Institutions and Regime Survival: Transitions to Democracy and Subsequent Autocracy
This article examines how authoritarian parties and legislatures affect regime survival. While authoritarian legislatures increase the stability of dictators, political parties – even when devised to
Authoritarian Responses to Foreign Pressure: Spending, Repression, and Sanctions
This paper explores how international sanctions affect authoritarian rulers’ decisions concerning repression and public spending composition, and how different authoritarian rulers respond to foreign
Remittances and Democratization
Do remittances stabilize autocracies? Remittances—money sent by foreign workers to individuals in their home country—differ from other sources of external non-tax revenue, such as foreign aid,
Foreign Pressure and the Politics of Autocratic Survival
1. Introduction 2. Autocratic Regimes and Their Collapse 3. Foreign Pressure and Autocratic Survival 4. Foreign Aid and Political Reform 5. Economic Sanctions and the Defeat of Dictators 6. Naming
Economic sanctions and the duration of civil conflicts
This article studies the impact of economic sanctions on the duration and outcome of intrastate conflicts. Sanctions are argued to foster the convergence of beliefs over parties’ capacity, to reduce
Accountable for what? Regime types, performance, and the fate of outgoing dictators, 1946–2004
For some political leaders losing power might entail further punishment than just being replaced. During the period 1946–2004, 47% of dictators have been jailed, killed, or had to go into exile as a
Authoritarian Responses to Foreign Pressure
This article explores how international sanctions affect authoritarian rulers’ decisions concerning repression and public spending composition. Rulers whose budgets are not severely constrained by
Repression, political threats, and survival under autocracy
Along with the mobilization of political support, repression is one of the two basic instruments dictators use to stay in power. Yet, there is no systematic investigation analyzing whether repression
Remittances and Protest in Dictatorships
Remittances - money migrant workers send back home - are the second largest source of international financial flows in developing countries. As with other sources of international finance, such as