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—Acoustic feedback is a problem in hearing aids that contain a substantial amount of gain, hearing aids that are used in conjunction with vented or open molds, and in-the-ear hearing aids. Acoustic feedback is both annoying and reduces the maximum usable gain of hearing-aid devices. This paper studies analytically the steady-state convergence behavior of(More)
While vocal tract resonances (VTRs, or formants that are defined as such resonances) are known to play a critical role in human speech perception and in computer speech processing, there has been a lack of standard databases needed for the quantitative evaluation of automatic VTR extraction techniques. We report in this paper on our recent effort to create(More)
A 2D DCT-based approach to compressing acoustic features for remote speech recognition applications is presented. The coding scheme involves computing a 2D DCT on blocks of feature vectors followed by uniform scalar quantization, run-length and Huffman coding. Digit recognition experiments were conducted in which training was done with unquantized cepstral(More)
— This paper describes two mechanisms that augment the common automatic speech recognition (ASR) front end and provide adaptation and isolation of local spectral peaks. A dynamic model consisting of a linear filterbank with a novel additive logarithmic adaptation stage after each filter output is proposed. An extensive series of perceptual forward masking(More)
Magnetic resonance images of the vocal tract during sustained production of [symbol: see text] by four native American English talkers are employed for measuring vocal-tract dimensions and for morphological analysis of the 3D vocal tract and tongue shapes. Electropalatography contact profiles are used for studying inter- and intra-talker variabilities. The(More)
This paper focuses on the problem of pitch tracking in noisy conditions. A method using harmonic information in the residual signal is presented. The proposed criterion is used both for pitch estimation, as well as for determining the voicing segments of speech. In the experiments, the method is compared to six state-of-the-art pitch trackers on the Keele(More)
—In this paper, we present a framework for developing source coding, channel coding and decoding as well as erasure con-cealment techniques adapted for distributed (wireless or packet-based) speech recognition. It is shown that speech recognition as opposed to speech coding, is more sensitive to channel errors than channel erasures, and appropriate channel(More)
Vocal Tract Length Normalization (VTLN) for standard filterbank-based Mel Frequency Cepstral Coefficient (MFCC) features is usually implemented by warping the center frequencies of the Mel filterbank, and the warping factor is estimated using the maximum likelihood score (MLS) criterion (Lee and Rose, 1998). A linear transform (LT) equivalent for frequency(More)