Abed N. Azab

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Studies have shown that the inositol biosynthetic pathway and the enzyme glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) are targets of the mood-stabilizing drugs lithium and valproate. However, a relationship between these targets has not been previously described. We hypothesized that GSK-3 may play a role in inositol synthesis, and that loss of GSK-3 may lead to(More)
This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation on the time course of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) production by rat glial brain culture. A concentration of 10 microg/ml LPS from Escherichia coli was used as stimulation treatment. The effect of pentoxifylline (PXF),(More)
TNF-alpha is considered to play a pivotal role in many inflammatory and illness states. In our previous study we found that nimesulide, a COX-2 selective inhibitor, prevents the lipopolysaccharide-induced elevation in plasma TNF-alpha in rats. The present study was undertaken to elucidate the effect of nimesulide on TNF-alpha levels in the paw exudate of(More)
After nearly two decades of concern and controversy surrounding the long-term effects of lithium on the kidney, the fact that lithium is capable of causing a major disturbance in water balance, manifest as polyuria and secondary polydipsia, remains undisputed. A decreased urinary concentrating ability (nephrogenic diabetes insipidus) with a disturbed(More)
Hypothermia is one of the prominent features of the acute phase response to endotoxin (LPS). This study was undertaken to elucidate the effects of the COX-inhibitor Indomethacin (INDO) and the selective FLAP inhibitor MK-886 on LPS-induced hypothermia, mortality and increase in production of hypothalamic prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) and leukotriene during(More)
Several lines of evidence link inflammation with neurodegenerative diseases, which are aggravated by the age-related decline in estrogen levels in postmenopausal women. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is used widely to stimulate glial cells to produce pro-inflammatory mediators such as NO, PGE(2), and TNF-alpha, and was found to be toxic in high doses. We examined(More)
BACKGROUND Changes in body temperature are common features among patients with sepsis and septic shock. Similarly, systemic administration of bacterial endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) to rats leads to an initial hypothermia followed by elevation in body temperature. These changes in body temperature are accompanied by increased levels of prostaglandin(More)
Prostanoids and cytokines are known to play a pivotal role in the mechanisms leading to endotoxin-induced cardiovascular failure. We investigated the effect of nimesulide (NIM), a selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor, on the cardiovascular alterations occurring during endotoxemia, and on prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), tumor necrosis factor-alpha(More)
There is a growing body of evidence suggesting that vagal afferents play a major role in peripheral-neural communication. This study was undertaken to determine whether a dose-dependent effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on vagotomy-induced febrile unresponsiveness exists, and to examine the effect of vagotomy on LPS-induced increase in hypothalamic(More)