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Turnip mosaic virus (TuMV), a species of the genus Potyvirus, occurs worldwide. Seventy-six isolates of TuMV were collected from around the world, mostly from Brassica and Raphanus crops, but also from several non-brassica species. Host tests grouped the isolates into one or other of two pathotypes; Brassica (B) and Brassica-Raphanus (BR). The nucleotide(More)
β-1,3-Glucanases (BG) have been implicated in enhancing virus spread by degrading callose at plasmodesmata (Pd). Here, we investigate the role of Arabidopsis BG in tobamovirus spread. During Turnip vein clearing virus infection, the transcription of two pathogenesis-related (PR)-BG AtBG2 and AtBG3 increased but that of Pd-associated BG AtBG_pap did not(More)
Arabidopsis class 1 reversibly glycosylated polypeptides (C1RGPs) were shown to be plasmodesmal-associated proteins. Transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) plants constitutively expressing GFP tagged AtRGP2 under the control of the CaMV 35S promoter are stunted, have a rosette-like growth pattern, and in source leaves exhibit strong chlorosis, increased(More)
We have shown previously that localization of tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) in tobacco is associated with a ca. 23 kDa protein that inhibits replication of several plant viruses. This protein, named 'inhibitor of virus replication' (IVR), was purified from the medium of TMV-inoculated protoplasts derived from Nicotiana tabacum cv. Samsun NN. IVR was shown to(More)
A substance(s) inhibiting virus replication (IVR) is released into the medium from tobacco mosaic virus-infected protoplasts of a cultivar in which the infection in the intact plant is localized. IVR inhibited virus replication in protoplasts from both local lesion-responding resistant, Samsun NN and systemic-responding susceptible, Samsun plants, when(More)
ABSTRACT A new carmovirus was isolated from Angelonia plants (Angelonia angustifolia), with flower break and mild foliar symptoms, grown in the United States and Israel. The virus, for which the name Angelonia flower break virus (AnFBV) is proposed, has isometric particles, approximately 30 nm in diameter. The experimental host range was limited to(More)
The effect of the 5'-dephosphorylated 2',5'-adenylate trimer and its 2',5'-trimer core analogs on the inhibition of tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) replication was determined in tobacco leaf discs, protoplasts, and whole tobacco plants, using infectivity tests and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. A structure-activity-metabolic stability-toxicity analysis of(More)
The route of tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) in the body of its vectors, Frankliniella occidentalis and Thrips tabaci (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) was studied during their development. First instar larvae were allowed, immediately upon hatching, to acquire virus from mechanically infected Datura stramonium plants for 24 h. The rate of transmission by adults(More)
Actinomycin D and chloramphenicol, when added up to 24 hr after inoculation, markedly increased tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) replication in protoplasts of Samsun NN, a cultivar in which the infection in the intact plant is localized. No increase was observed when TMV-infected protoplasts of Samsun, a systemic-responding cultivar, were incubated in the(More)