Abdulnaser Alkhalil

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Invasion by the human malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, is associated with marked yet selective increases in red blood cell (RBC) membrane permeability. We previously identified an unusual voltage-dependent ion channel, the plasmodial surface anion channel (PSAC), which may account for these increases. Since then, controversy has arisen about whether(More)
The human malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, induces an unusual ion channel, the plasmodial surface anion channel (PSAC), on its host red blood cell (RBC) membrane. PSAC has a broad selectivity with permeability to anions, sugars, amino acids, purines, and certain vitamins, suggesting a role in nutrient acquisition by the intracellular parasite.(More)
Monkeypox virus (MPV) is a zoonotic Orthopoxvirus and a potential biothreat agent that causes human disease with varying morbidity and mortality. Members of the Orthopoxvirus genus have been shown to suppress antiviral cell defenses, exploit host cell machinery, and delay infection-induced cell death. However, a comprehensive study of all host genes and(More)
The altered permeability characteristics of erythrocytes infected with malaria parasites have been a source of interest for over 30 years. Recent electrophysiological studies have provided strong evidence that these changes reflect transmembrane transport through ion channels in the host erythrocyte plasma membrane. However, conflicting results and(More)
The Orthopoxvirus genus of Poxviridae family is comprised of several human pathogens, including cowpox (CPXV), Vaccinia (VACV), monkeypox (MPV) and Variola (VARV) viruses. Species of this virus genus cause human diseases with various severities and outcome ranging from mild conditions to death in fulminating cases. Currently, vaccination is the only(More)
Human erythrocytes infected with Plasmodium falciparum have markedly increased permeability to diverse solutes, many of which may be mediated by an unusual small conductance ion channel, the plasmodial surface anion channel (PSAC). Because these increases may be essential for parasite survival in the bloodstream, an important question is whether other(More)
Rickettsia typhi, an obligate intracellular bacterium that causes murine typhus, possesses a heavily methylated outer membrane protein B (OmpB) antigen. This immunodominant antigen is responsible for serological reactions and is capable of eliciting protective immune responses with a guinea pig model. Western blot analysis of partially digested OmpB with(More)
Human erythrocytes infected with the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum have increased permeabilities to many solutes. The plasmodial surface anion channel (PSAC) may mediate these changes. Despite good understanding of the biochemical and biophysical properties, the genetic basis of PSAC activity remains unknown. Functional polymorphisms in laboratory(More)
The plasmodial surface anion channel (PSAC) is an unusual ion channel induced on the human red blood cell membrane after infection with the malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum. Because PSAC is permeant to small metabolic precursors essential for parasite growth and is present on red blood cells infected with geographically divergent parasite isolates,(More)
Erythrocytes infected with malaria parasites have increased permeability to ions and various nutrient solutes, mediated by a parasite ion channel known as the plasmodial surface anion channel (PSAC). The parasite clag3 gene family encodes PSAC activity, but there may also be additional unidentified components of this channel. Consistent with a lack of clag3(More)