Abdullahi Warsame Afrah

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In vivo microdialysis has been used in preclinical pain research for more than a decade. This valuable tool allows correlations between nociceptive behavior and neurotransmitter release in pain-related CNS sites. However, several methodological issues must be considered to adequately interpret microdialysis data. Thus, the aim of this review is to describe(More)
Numerous in vitro studies suggest that inflammation is associated with enhanced release of substance P (SP) in the dorsal horn. To test the hypothesis that inflammation increases the evoked concentration of SP in the intact animal, we used in vivo microdialysis with a highly sensitive radioimmunoassay to monitor SP-like immunoreactivity (SP-LI) in the(More)
Long-term potentiation (LTP) in wide dynamic range (WDR) neurons in the dorsal horn has been suggested to contribute to central sensitization and the development of chronic pain. Indirect experimental evidence indicates an involvement of substance P (SP), in this respect. The aim of the present study was to monitor the extracellular level of substance(More)
The aim of the present in vivo microdialysis study was to determine the possible contribution of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) or alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA)/kainate (KA) receptors to capsaicin-induced release of substance P-like immunoreactivity (SP-LI) in the dorsal horn of the rat. Perfusion of a microdialysis probe with(More)
Stimulation of spinal serotonin (5-HT)(2A/2C) receptors has previously been reported to lead to either a pro-nociceptive or an anti-nociceptive response. Behavioral data have indicated that the pro-nociceptive effect is related to the release of substance P (SP). The aim of this in vivo microdialysis study was to investigate if stimulation of spinal(More)
Morphine and other opioid agonists induce spinal in vivo release of cholecystokinin (CCK), a neuropeptide with anti-opioid properties. However, so far the opioid receptor subtype responsible for this effect has not been determined. In the present in vivo microdialysis study, the morphine-induced release of cholecystokinin-like immunoreactivity (CCK-LI) in(More)
The gene expression of cholecystokinin (CCK), a neuropeptide with anti-opioid properties, has been reported to be upregulated in some primary sensory neurons after a peripheral nerve lesion. We have recently demonstrated that the upregulation of CCK mRNA is not accompanied by an increased potassium-evoked release CCK-like immunoreactivity (CCK-LI) 2-4 weeks(More)
Previous studies indicate that an increased release of cholecystokinin (CCK) in response to morphine administration may counteract opioid-induced analgesia at the spinal level. In the present study we used in vivo microdialysis to demonstrate that systemic administration of antinociceptive doses of morphine (1-5 mg/kg, s.c.) induces a dose-dependent and(More)
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