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In recent years, human dendritic cells (DCs) could be subdivided into CD304+ plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs) and conventional DCs (cDCs), the latter encompassing the CD1c+, CD16+, and CD141+ DC subsets. To date, the low frequency of these DCs in human blood has essentially prevented functional studies defining their specific contribution to antigen presentation. We(More)
Peptidylarginine deiminase type 4 (PADI4) genotypes were shown to influence susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in the Japanese population. Such an association could not previously be confirmed in different European populations. In the present study, we analysed exons 2-4 of PADI4 in 102 German RA patients and 102 healthy individuals to study the(More)
The digestive vacuole (DV) of Plasmodium falciparum, which is released into the bloodstream upon rupture of each parasitized red blood cell (RBC), was recently discovered to activate the alternative complement pathway. In the present work, we show that C3- and C5-convertases assembling on the parasitic organelle are able to provoke deposition of activated(More)
BACKGROUND Eltrombopag is an oral, non-peptide, thrombopoietin-receptor agonist that stimulates thrombopoiesis, leading to increased platelet production. This study assessed the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of once daily eltrombopag 50 mg, and explored the efficacy of a dose increase to 75 mg. METHODS In this phase III, randomised, double-blind,(More)
Drug-induced agranulocytosis (DIAG) is a rare but serious adverse drug reaction. The Berlin Case–Control Surveillance Study (FAKOS) aimed to identify pharmaceuticals with an increased risk for this condition. Adult patients with acute non-chemotherapy–induced agranulocytosis, developed in hospital or in the outpatient setting, were ascertained by active(More)
Drug-induced immune thrombocytopaenia is a rare, serious condition that can be triggered by numerous medications. To characterize the spectrum of drugs associated with immune thrombocytopaenia (ITP) in the Berlin Case–Control Surveillance Study (FAKOS). Adult hospitalized patients with new onset idiopathic, secondary or drug-induced acute ITP and hospital(More)
As the involvement of oxidative stress (OS) in autoimmune thrombocytopenia (AITP) has been reported, a fast and rapid test for the reliable measurement of OS and antioxidant capacities (AOCs) might be a useful tool in extending current diagnostic possibilities. The free oxygen radical test (FORT) and free oxygen radical defence (FORD) assay (Callegari,(More)
Acupuncture can alleviate symptoms of spinal cord injuries (SCI). The underlying mechanism, however, is unknown. We hypothesized that stem cells could be mobilized by acupuncture. Therefore, we enrolled 14 healthy study participants using acupuncture points for the treatment of SCI. The frequency of CD133 and CD34 cells in peripheral blood and the serum(More)
The consumption of immunoglobulins (Ig) is increasing due to better recognition of antibody deficiencies, an aging population, and new indications. This review aims to examine the various dosing regimens and research developments in the established and in some of the relevant off-label indications in Europe. The background to the current regulatory settings(More)
Autoimmune haemolytic anaemias (AIHAs) are well-characterized disorders. They can be differentiated from one another and from other non-immune haemolytic anaemias by clinical, laboratory and serological testing. However, several misleading clinical presentations and/or serological findings may result in misinterpretation, delay and/or misdiagnosis. Such(More)