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The aim of this study was to review the cytokine profiles in the synovial fluid (SF) of patients with temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJD). Databases were searched from 1965 till September 2015 using different combinations of the following key words: "Temporomandibular joint"; "Cytokine"; "disorder"; and "synovial fluid" and "inflammation". Titles and(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present systematic review is to compare the crestal bone loss (CBL) around dental implants placed in healed sites using flapped and flapless surgical techniques. METHODS The focused question was, "Does flapped and flapless surgical technique influence CBL around dental implants placed in healed sites?" Databases were searched(More)
This study investigated the effects on polymerisation shrinkage-strain for two unmodified powder and liquid formulations of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), methyl methacrylate (MMA) dough-type systems, by varying the powder/liquid (P/L) ratio. Furthermore, the shrinkage-strain effects for the 1.0:1.0 P/L ratio of adding additional amounts of amine and(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim was to compare the periodontal inflammatory conditions among habitual gutka chewers and betel quid (BQ) chewers. MATERIAL AND METHODS Forty-five gutka chewers, 45 BQ chewers and 50 non-chewers (controls) were included. Demographic data regarding age, gender, duration, and frequency of gutka- and BQ-chewing habits and gingival bleeding(More)
BACKGROUND Whole salivary interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8, and MMP-9 levels among habitual gutka chewers and non-chewers (controls) have not been investigated. The aim of the present study is to assess clinical periodontal parameters and whole salivary IL-1β, IL-6, MMP-8, and MMP-9 levels among habitual gutka chewers and(More)
BACKGROUND There is a dearth of studies regarding the influence of cigarette smoking on periodontal inflammatory conditions among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aim of the present study is to assess periodontal inflammatory conditions among smokers and never-smokers with and without T2DM. METHODS One hundred individuals (50 patients(More)
BACKGROUND There is a dearth of studies that have compared clinical and radiologic markers of periodontal inflammation between water-pipe smokers (WPs) and cigarette smokers (CSs). The aim of the present study is to compare the clinical and radiographic periodontal status between habitual WPs and CSs. METHODS In total, 200 males (50 WPs, 50 CSs, and 100(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present systematic review was to assess the efficacy of laser-assisted (low level laser therapy [LLLT], high intensity laser therapy [HILT], or antimicrobial photodynamic therapy [aPDT]) scaling and root planing (SRP) compared with SRP alone on the expression of inflammatory cytokines in the gingival crevicular (GCF) of patients(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim was to systematically review the efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) in the management of oral premalignant lesions. METHODS The addressed focused question was "Is PDT effective in the management of oral premalignant lesions?" PubMed/Medline, Google-Scholar, EMBASE and ISI Web of Knowledge databases were searched from 1984 till June(More)
PURPOSE The aim was to systematically review the efficacy of vitamin D3 (VD3) supplementation on the osseointegration of implants. METHODS The addressed focused question was "does VD3 supplementation affect osseointegration around implants?" Indexed databases were searched from 1969 up to and including March 2015 using various key words including: "Bone(More)