Abdulagabar Salama

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In recent years, human dendritic cells (DCs) could be subdivided into CD304+ plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs) and conventional DCs (cDCs), the latter encompassing the CD1c+, CD16+, and CD141+ DC subsets. To date, the low frequency of these DCs in human blood has essentially prevented functional studies defining their specific contribution to antigen presentation. We(More)
Peptidylarginine deiminase type 4 (PADI4) genotypes were shown to influence susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in the Japanese population. Such an association could not previously be confirmed in different European populations. In the present study, we analysed exons 2-4 of PADI4 in 102 German RA patients and 102 healthy individuals to study the(More)
The digestive vacuole (DV) of Plasmodium falciparum, which is released into the bloodstream upon rupture of each parasitized red blood cell (RBC), was recently discovered to activate the alternative complement pathway. In the present work, we show that C3- and C5-convertases assembling on the parasitic organelle are able to provoke deposition of activated(More)
Basal levels of the metabolites of dopamine (DA) were reduced following the chronic administration of haloperidol. The ability of small doses (50 or 100 micrograms/kg) of apomorphine to reduce the concentrations of the metabolite of DA, homovanillic acid (HVA), was also enhanced following the chronic administration of haloperidol. In addition, the(More)
Current evidence indicates that glutamate acting via the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor/ion channel complex plays a major role in the neuronal degeneration associated with a variety of neurological disorders. In this report the role of glycine in NMDA neurotoxicity was examined. We demonstrate that NMDA-mediated neurotoxicity is markedly potentiated(More)
Seroquel and the atypical antipsychotic clozapine were compared using a number of biochemical measures in rats which are indicative of potential antipsychotic activity and possible extrapyramidal side effect liability. Both in vitro and in vivo, these compounds are low potency D-2 dopamine (DA) receptor antagonists and are relatively more potent 5-HT2(More)
Factors affecting dopamine (DA) synthesis in rat striatal synaptosomes were examined by measuring the conversion of [3H]tyrosine (Tyr) to [3H]DA. Any [3H]DA that was synthesized was extracted into a toluene-based scintillation cocktail and quantitated by liquid scintillation spectrometry. The extraction was facilitated using di-(2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric(More)
N-ethoxycarbonyl-2-ethoxy-1,2-dihydroquinoline (EEDQ) inactivates a variety of monoamine neurotransmitter receptors. In this report, protection against EEDQ-induced inactivation of D-1 and D-2 DA receptors by DA antagonists and agonists was used to obtain a measure of occupancy of these receptors in vivo by such drugs. Rats were pretreated with drugs and(More)
Tracazolate (ICI 136,753) 4-butylamine-1-ethyl-6-methyl-1H-pyrazolo[3,4]pyridine-5-carboxylic acid ethyl ester is a non-benzodiazepine with anxiolytic-like activity in animal models. In contrast to the benzodiazepines, it enhances [3H]flunitrazepam binding in rat synaptic membrane fragments. The enhancement is potential by chloride ion and is due to an(More)
BACKGROUND Eltrombopag is an oral, non-peptide, thrombopoietin-receptor agonist that stimulates thrombopoiesis, leading to increased platelet production. This study assessed the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of once daily eltrombopag 50 mg, and explored the efficacy of a dose increase to 75 mg. METHODS In this phase III, randomised, double-blind,(More)