Abdul Samarth Ethayathulla

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Phospholipase A2 is potentially an important target for structure-based rational drug design. In order to determine the involvement of phospholipase A2 in the action of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), the crystal structure of the complex formed between phospholipase A2 and aspirin has been determined at 1.9 angstroms resolution. The(More)
The bacterial melibiose permease (MelB) belongs to the glycoside-pentoside-hexuronide:cation symporter family, a part of the major facilitator superfamily (MFS). Structural information regarding glycoside-pentoside-hexuronide:cation symporter family transporters and other Na(+)-coupled permeases within MFS has been lacking, although a wealth of biochemical(More)
BACKGROUND Aggregation of unfolded proteins occurs mainly through the exposed hydrophobic surfaces. Any mechanism of inhibition of this aggregation should explain the prevention of these hydrophobic interactions. Though arginine is prevalently used as an aggregation suppressor, its mechanism of action is not clearly understood. We propose a mechanism based(More)
A recently discovered new class of 40 kDa glycoproteins forms a major component of the secretory proteins in the dry secretions of non-lactating animals. These proteins are implicated as protective signalling factors that determine which cells are to survive during the processes of drastic tissue remodelling. In order to understand its role in the(More)
A 40 kDa glycoprotein (SPG-40) secreted during involution works as a protective signalling factor through its binding to viable cells. The crystal structure of the native protein has been determined at 2.3 A resolution. This is the first report on the carbohydrate-binding properties of SPG-40; the structure determinations of the complexes of SPG-40 with(More)
Crystal structures of four complexes of sheep secretory glycoprotein (SPS-40) with N-acetylglucosamine oligosaccharides (GlcNAc(n), (n=3-6)) have been determined at moderate resolutions. The binding studies of SPS-40 have been carried out using fluorescence spectroscopy and Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR). Structure determinations of four complexes have(More)
This is the first report of the structural studies of a novel ribosome-inactivating protein (RIP) obtained from the Himalayan mistletoe (Viscum album) (HmRip). HmRip is a type II heterodimeric protein consisting of a toxic enzyme (A-chain) with an active site for ribosome inactivation and a lectin subunit (B-chain) with well defined sugar-binding sites. The(More)
The rod-like phycobilisome (PBS) in cyanobacterium is the light-harvesting complex of phycoerythrin (PE), phycocyanin (PC) and allophycocyanin (APC). The orderly degradation of PBS was observed under starvation conditions. A 14 kDa truncated fragment of alpha-subunit of PE (F-alphaPE) was identified from the degraded product. F-alphaPE was purified to(More)
A 40kDa glycoprotein from dry secretion of sheep is implicated as a signaling factor and is named as SPS-40. This protein is secreted only during the early phase of involution when the drastic tissue remodeling occurs in the mammary gland. SPS-40 was purified from sheep dry secretions and crystallized using hanging drop vapour diffusion method. The crystals(More)
We report the cloning and sequencing of group III phospholipaseA(2) from Heterometrus fulvipes (HfPLA(2)), Indian black scorpion. The cDNA sequence codes for the mature portion of the group PLA(2) of 103 amino acids. The sequence has 85% identity with Mesobuthus tamulus (Indian red scorpion) PLA(2) and a 40% identity with bee venom PLA(2) and human group(More)