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Phospholipase A2 is potentially an important target for structure-based rational drug design. In order to determine the involvement of phospholipase A2 in the action of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), the crystal structure of the complex formed between phospholipase A2 and aspirin has been determined at 1.9 angstroms resolution. The(More)
BACKGROUND Aggregation of unfolded proteins occurs mainly through the exposed hydrophobic surfaces. Any mechanism of inhibition of this aggregation should explain the prevention of these hydrophobic interactions. Though arginine is prevalently used as an aggregation suppressor, its mechanism of action is not clearly understood. We propose a mechanism based(More)
This is the first report of the structural studies of a novel ribosome-inactivating protein (RIP) obtained from the Himalayan mistletoe (Viscum album) (HmRip). HmRip is a type II heterodimeric protein consisting of a toxic enzyme (A-chain) with an active site for ribosome inactivation and a lectin subunit (B-chain) with well defined sugar-binding sites. The(More)
The rod-like phycobilisome (PBS) in cyanobacterium is the light-harvesting complex of phycoerythrin (PE), phycocyanin (PC) and allophycocyanin (APC). The orderly degradation of PBS was observed under starvation conditions. A 14 kDa truncated fragment of alpha-subunit of PE (F-alphaPE) was identified from the degraded product. F-alphaPE was purified to(More)
The bacterial melibiose permease (MelB) belongs to the glycoside-pentoside-hexuronide:cation symporter family, a part of the major facilitator superfamily (MFS). Structural information regarding glycoside-pentoside-hexuronide:cation symporter family transporters and other Na(+)-coupled permeases within MFS has been lacking, although a wealth of biochemical(More)
We report the cloning and sequencing of group III phospholipaseA(2) from Heterometrus fulvipes (HfPLA(2)), Indian black scorpion. The cDNA sequence codes for the mature portion of the group PLA(2) of 103 amino acids. The sequence has 85% identity with Mesobuthus tamulus (Indian red scorpion) PLA(2) and a 40% identity with bee venom PLA(2) and human group(More)
Hyaluronate lyases are a class of endoglycosaminidase enzymes with a high level of complexity and heterogeneity. The main function of the Streptococcus pyogenes bacteriophage protein hyaluronate lyase, HylP2, is to degrade hyaluronan into unsaturated disaccharide units. HylP2 was cloned, over-expressed and purified to homogeneity. The recombinant HylP2(More)
A 40kDa glycoprotein from dry secretion of sheep is implicated as a signaling factor and is named as SPS-40. This protein is secreted only during the early phase of involution when the drastic tissue remodeling occurs in the mammary gland. SPS-40 was purified from sheep dry secretions and crystallized using hanging drop vapour diffusion method. The crystals(More)
How cells choose between developmental pathways remains a fundamental biological question. In the case of the p53 protein family, its three transcription factors (p73, p63, and p53) each trigger a gene expression pattern that leads to specific cellular pathways. At the same time, these transcription factors recognize the same response element (RE) consensus(More)
The transcription factor p73 triggers developmental pathways and overlaps stress-induced p53 transcriptional pathways. How p53-family response elements determine and regulate transcriptional specificity remains an unsolved problem. In this work, we have determined the first crystal structures of p73 DNA-binding domain tetramer bound to response elements(More)