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AIM The objective of this study is to define the incidence of chromosomal and congenital anomalies in neonates with exomphalos major and minor. BACKGROUND Incidence of major congenital anomalies varies from 35% to 81% in exomphalos. It is unclear whether these malformations are more common with exomphalos major. MATERIAL AND METHODS The case notes of 82(More)
Relative merits of three methods of diaphragmatic hernia repair were evaluated in growing animals. Twenty-five puppies underwent laparotomy. In four controls, the left hemidiaphragm was incised and sutured primarily. In the remaining dogs, it was partially resected sparing the phrenic nerve. The defects were repaired in six with silastic sheeting, in eight(More)
Antisense oligonucleotides, ribozymes and DNAzymes have emerged as novel, highly selective inhibitors or modulators of gene expression. Indeed, their use in the treatment of diseases arising from genetic abnormalities has become a real possibility over the past few years. The first antisense drug molecule is now available for clinical use in Europe and USA.(More)
OBJECTIVE Alterations in plasma concentrations of several trace elements have been reported to occur in type-1 diabetes mellitus. These micronutrients are suspected to have a role in pathogenesis and progression of the disease. METHODS In a comparative analysis, the plasma concentration of copper, zinc and magnesium was estimated in 37 patients with(More)
The medical records of 74 neonates dependent on parenteral nutrition for at least 21 days after emergency abdominal surgery (performed between 1988 and 1992) were reviewed respectively. The role of enteral starvation, prematurity, composition and duration of parenteral nutrition, and sepsis in the evolution of parenteral nutrition-related cholestasis was(More)
Papillary carcinoma of the thyroid is now further subclassifiable into its different variants. We report incidence, clinical behaviour and outcome of rare variants of papillary thyroid cancers at Asir Central Hospital, Saudi Arabia. These variants differ from each other not only on a morphometric basis, but also in clinical behaviour. Accordingly, we report(More)
Antisense oligonucleotides (ODNs) are being increasingly used in the central nervous system as biological tools, as drug-target validation agents and as potential therapeutic agents. Although the local delivery of naked ODNs to the brain can result in the desired biological effects, the duration of efficacy is relatively short lived due to the combined(More)
OBJECTIVE--To determine the prevalence of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and hypertension in a rural community of Bangladesh. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS--A cluster sampling of 1,005 subjects > 15 years of age in the rural community of Dohar was investigated. Capillary blood glucose of fasting and 2 h(More)
The effect of guar gum in capsule form on serum total cholesterol, triglycerides, and lipoprotein cholesterol (very low-density lipoproteins, low-density lipoproteins, and high-density lipoproteins) was studied in healthy volunteers in this double-blind study. Twenty-four subjects equally divided into treatment and placebo groups, received 9.0 g/day of guar(More)
An audit of 3374 appendectomy specimens in 2578 Saudi and 796 non-Saudi nationals revealed a diagnosis rate of 74.7% of inflamed appendix, a normal appendix range of 7.8% to 22.5% with the higher rate of normal appendix found among females. The finding of high incidence of schistosomal appendicitis among Egyptian males is not surprising given the high(More)