Abdul R. Shaikh

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BACKGROUND Adequate fruit and vegetable intake has been found to promote health and reduce the risk of several cancers and chronic diseases. Understanding the psychological determinants of fruit and vegetable intake is needed to design effective intervention programs. METHODS Papers published in English from 1994 to 2006 that described the relationship(More)
We describe an approach to developing next generation health information portals. This prototype portal was developed to address two complementary goals (1) design and create a site where people can explore potential relationships between selected health-related behaviors, policies, and demographic data (2) explore semantic web technologies and linked data(More)
BACKGROUND Fruit and vegetable (F/V) intake assessment tools that are valid, reliable, brief, and easy to administer and code are vital to the field of public health nutrition. OBJECTIVE To evaluate three short F/V intake screeners (ie, a 2-item serving tool, a 2-item cup tool, and a 16-item F/V intake screener) among adults using multiple 24-hour dietary(More)
BACKGROUND Tailored health communications to date have been based on a rather narrow set of theoretical constructs. PURPOSE This study was designed to test whether tailoring a print-based fruit and vegetable (F & V) intervention on relatively novel constructs from self-determination theory (SDT) and motivational interviewing (MI) increases intervention(More)
Discussions of Health 2.0, a term first coined in 2005, were guided by three main tenets: (a) health was to involve more participation, because an evolution in the web encouraged more direct consumer engagement in their own health care; (b) data was to become the new "Intel Inside" for systems supporting the vital decisions in health; and (c) a sense of(More)
Scientists are taking advantage of the Internet and collaborative web technology to accelerate discovery in a massively connected, participative environment--a phenomenon referred to by some as Science 2.0. As a new way of doing science, this phenomenon has the potential to push science forward in a more efficient manner than was previously possible. The(More)
The Healthcare and medical fields are rich in information but is not properly used to its potential .This results in the weak or bad decision making ability .This paper focuses on the aspect which is neglected in the process i.e. the data which is not mined. We use 14 attributes to predict the chances of heart disease prediction and thereby preventive(More)
This study tested the effects of two theory-based interventions to increase fruit and vegetable intake. Hypothesized intervention mediators included self-efficacy (SE), social support (SS), autonomous motivation (AM), and controlled motivation (CM). At baseline, 1,021 African American adults were recruited from 16 churches randomized to one comparison and(More)
The rapid evolution of cyberinfrastructure has had a transformative effect on the global health enterprise, blurring the boundaries between research nd practice in biomedicine, health services, and public ealth. Commercial and government-supported entities are combining new technologies with behavioral science to monitor social, behavioral, and medical data(More)
This national study examines differences between racial/ethnic groups on awareness of physical activity and reduced cancer risk and explores correlates of awareness including trust, demographic, and health characteristics within racial/ethnic groups. The 2007 Health Information and National Trends Survey (HINTS) provided data for this study. After(More)