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We propose that the anterior cingulate cortex is a specialization of neocortex rather than a more primitive stage of cortical evolution. Functions central to intelligent behavior, that is, emotional self-control, focused problem solving, error recognition, and adaptive response to changing conditions, are juxtaposed with the emotions in this structure.(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to assess the impact of length and hydrophilic coating of the introducer sheath on radial artery spasm, radial artery occlusion, and local vascular complications in patients undergoing transradial coronary procedures. BACKGROUND Radial artery spasm is common during transradial procedures and the most common cause for(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have worse cardiovascular outcomes than those without CKD. The prognostic utility of myocardial perfusion single-photon emission CT (MPS) in patients with varying degrees of renal dysfunction and the impact of CKD on cardiac death prediction in patients undergoing MPS have not been investigated. (More)
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) is a safe procedure. Oncological safety of LPD is still a matter for debate. This study aimed to compare the oncological outcomes, in terms of adequacy of resection and recurrence rate following LPD and open pancreaticoduodenectomy (OPD). METHODS Between November 2005 and April 2009, 12 LPDs (9(More)
Inguinodynia (chronic groin pain) is one of the recognised complications of the commonly performed Lichtenstein mesh inguinal hernia repair. This has major impact on quality of life in a significant proportion of patients. The pain is classified as neuropathic and non-neuropathic related to nerve damage and to the mesh, respectively. Correct diagnosis of(More)
Liver resection in patients with inferior vena cava (IVC) involvement is becoming more common with the adoption of vascular exclusion techniques and replacement of the IVC. Repeat hepatectomy and an aggressive surgical approach can offer satisfactory disease-free survival and a cure in selected patients. We herein describe a case of repeat hepatectomy with(More)
In haplorhine primates (tarsiers, monkeys, apes, and humans), there is a significant correlation between brain weight and maximum life-span when the effect of body size is removed. There is also a significant correlation in haplorhine primates between brain weight and female age at first reproduction. For strepsirhine primates (lorises and lemurs), there(More)
BACKGROUND The transradial route for coronary intervention has proven to be safe, effective, and widely applicable in different clinical situations. Several compressive hemostatic devices have been introduced that have shown to be safe and are effective in achieving hemostasis. METHODS Seven hundred ninety patients were randomly assigned to receive either(More)
Coronary bifurcation lesions (CBLs) are challenging and associated with a higher rate of adverse events than non-bifurcation lesions. In the era of drug-eluting stents, 2 primary interventional strategies for treating CBL include the complex strategy the main vessel (MV) and side-branch (SB) stenting, and the simple strategy MV stenting combined with(More)
Obesity and hypertension are two major inter-related cardiovascular risk factors. Decrease in adiposity is one of the most effective preventive measures not only in decreasing the overall cardiovascular risk but also the blood pressure. This cross-sectional study measured the effect of various measures of adiposity on blood pressure in normal healthy(More)