Abdul Qayyum Rana

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The aim of this review is to assess new, emerging, and experimental treatment options for tardive dyskinesia (TD). The methods to obtain relevant studies for review included a MEDLINE search and a review of studies in English, along with checking reference lists of articles. The leading explanatory models of TD development include dopamine receptor(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of blepharospasm (BSP), with and without apraxia of eyelid opening (AEO), in patients with parkinsonism, cervical dystonia (CD), and essential tremor (ET). BSP, with or without AEO, is associated with parkinsonism. There have been several reports of BSP in other dystonic conditions, but few looked(More)
A task-specific tremor (TST) is a rare form of movement disorder that appears while performing or attempting to perform a particular task. Primary writing tremor (PWT) is the most common form of TST which only occurs during the act of writing and hinders it. (Bain PG, Findley LJ, Britton TC, Rothwell JC, Gresty MA, Thompson PD, Marsden CD. MRC Human(More)
Young onset Parkinson's disease patients, typically aged 21 to between 40 and 55, have symptomatology similar to regular onset patients. Despite this, we suspect that physicians take longer to diagnose young onset patients since Parkinson's disease is ruled out due to the younger age. The history prior to diagnosis of 14 young onset patients (within 21 to(More)
Pain is a common problem faced by Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. Despite its impact and disabling effects pain is still frequently overlooked. In this study we analyze a representative sample of peer reviewed literature for the prevalence and types of pain in PD, the impact and significance of pain in the quality of life of the PD patient and the(More)
BACKGROUND Many patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS) and Parkinson's disease (PD) report having pain, however, the impact of the combination of PD and RLS on pain has not been analyzed extensively. The objective of this study was to explore the potential relationship between RLS and pain in individuals with and without PD, the prevalence of RLS in PD,(More)
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) or Temporal arteritis (TA) is an autoimmune disease and the most common type of vasculitis in the elderly. It causes inflammation of the medium and large arteries in the upper part of the body. GCA is an under-recognized cause of  head aches in the elderly, especially when it presents itself with atypical features, resulting in(More)
OBJECTIVE In addition to the classic motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD), some patients suffer from a variety of non-motor symptoms. Cognitive deficits such as impairments to learning and memory have been noted in PD and pose a clinical concern. However, during early stages of the disease these deficits may be subtle and difficult to diagnose. To(More)
AIMS Parkinson's disease is a chronic neurodegenerative disorder characterized by bradykinesia, rigidity, and resting tremor. Dementia, among its non-motor symptoms, is a debilitating complication affecting intellectual functioning. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of dementia in Parkinson's disease and its relation to age,(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder resulting from degeneration of the substantia nigra and the dopaminergic nigrostriatal pathway. Most treatments are geared toward the management and relief of motor symptoms in Parkinson's patients; however, as the disease progresses, various complications can be observed. Non-motor symptoms (NMS) may(More)